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Northwestern .University 

DENTAL SCHOOL 

Corner Franklin and Madison Sts. 
CHICAGO, ILL. 



CIRCULAR OF INFORMATION 

Session of 1900-1901 Begins Oct. 3, 1900. 



Last Day on Which Students May Enter This Session and Receive Credit for 
Full Term's Attendance, October 13, 1900. 



Northvjestern University Press 



ANNOUNCEMENTS 



1900 



October 3. 
October 1-15* 
November 22. 
December 20. 

1901 
January 2. 



Examination of Credentials for Admission 

on Application. 
Opening Exercises at 7:30 P.M.Wednesday. 
Examinations for Advanced Standing. 
Thanksgiving. 
First Semester ends. Christmas Vacation 

begins. 



Second Sem- 



Christmas Vacation closed, 
ester begins. 
April 15-20. Senior Examinations. 

April 22-30. Junior and Freshman Examinations. 

May I. Commencement. 

October 2. Session of 1 901-1902 begins. 

Note. — Return tickets for students going home for Christmas 
vacation will be given out only on December 20. 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



CORPORATION. 



OFFICERS. 

William Deering, - _ . - - President. 
The Hon. Oliver Harvey Horton, LL.D., First Vice-President. 

The Hon. H. H. C. Miller, A.M., - Second Vice-President. 

Frank Philip Crandon, A.M., - - - Secretary. 

George Peck Merrick, LL.B., - Assistant Secretary. 

Robert Dickinson Sheppard, D.D., - Agent and Treasurer. 



TRUSTEES. 



term expires in i 

Norman Waite Harris, 

Nathan Smith Davis, Jr., A.M., M.D., 

Harvey Bostv^ick Hurd, LL.D., 

John Richard Lindgren, 

Alexander Hamilton Revell, 

The Hon. H. H. C. Miller, A.M., 

Charles Busby, 

The Hon. Elbert Henry Gary, 

Milton Hollyday Wilson, - 



901 



Chicago. 

Chicago. 
Evanston. 
Evanston. 

Chicago. 
Evanston. 

Chicago. 

New York City. 

Evanston. 



term expires in 1902. 

Edmund Andrews, M.D., LL.D., 
Nathan Smith Davis, M.D., LL.D., 
Henry Sargent Towle, LL.B., 
Harlow Niles Higinbotham, 
John Balderston Kirk, 
Henry Wade Rogers, LL.D., 
Burns Durbin Caldwell, 
Charles Bowen Congdon, 
James Henry Raymond, A.M., 

term expires in 1903. 
The Hon. Oliver Harvey Horton, LL.D., 
William Deering, . . - - 

Merritt Caldwell Bragdon, A.M., M.D., 



Chicago. 

Chicago. 

Chicago. 

Chicago, 
Evanston. 
Evanston. 
New York City. 
Evanston. 
Evanston. 



Chicago. 
Evanston. 
Evanston. 



NORTTIWKSTKRN UNIVRRSITY 



Mrs. Mary R. Shumvvay, 

\ViLLiAM Alden Fuller, 

James Bartlett Hobbs, 

Frank Philip Crandon, A.M., - 

The Hon. Lorin Cone Collins, A.M., 

The IIox. William Andrew Dyche, A.M., 

TERM expires IN I904. 

Robert Dickinson Siieppard, D.D., 

JOSIAH J. PaRKHURST, 

Charles P. Wheeler, 

David McWilliams, 

Frank Orren Low den, 

Nina Grey Lunt, 

GusTAvus Franklin Swift, 

Henry Howard Gage, 

The Hon. Lyman Judsox Gage, 



Evanston. 

Chicago. 

Chicago. 
Evanston. 

Chicago. 
Evanston. 



Evanston. 

Evanston. 

Evanston. 

Dvvight. 

Chicago. 

Evanston. 

Chicago. 

Evanston. 

Washington, D. C. 



ELECTED BY CONFERENCES. 

rock river. 

The Rev. William A. Spencer, A.M., D.D., - Philadelphia. 

The Rev. John Patrick Brushingham, D.D., - Chicago. 

DETROIT. 

The Rev. Joseph Flintoft Berry, D.D.^ - - Chicago. 

The Rev. Arthur Edwards, A.M., D.D., - - Chicago. 

central ILLINOIS. 

*The Rev. James William Haney, A.M., D.D., - Galva. 

The Rev. Frank Warren Merrell, Ph.D., » - Peoria. 



MICHIGAN. 

The Rev. George S. Hickey, A.M., D.D., 
The Rev. Alfred Edwin Craig, A.B., B.D., 



Detroit, Mich. 
Albion, Mich. 



GENERAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 



William Deering. 
Oliver H. Horton, LL.D. 
Frank Philip Crandon, A.M. 
Nathan S. Davis, Jr., M.D. 
Henry Wade Rogers, LL.D. 



John Richard Lindgren. 

JOSIAH J. PaRKHURST. 

Milton Hollyday Wilson. 
James B. Hobbs. 
William A. Dyche, A.M. 



Robert Dickinson Siieppard, D.D. Henry Howard Gage. 



^Deceased. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 3 

Northwestern University Dental School is one of the 
great group of literary and professional schools constituting 
Northwestern University, situated at Evanston and Chicago. 

The College of Liberal Arts is at Evanston. 

The professional schools are in Chicago. 

Northwestern University comprises the following de- 
gree-conferring departments, each having its distinct faculty 
of instruction, with Henry Wade Rogers, LL.D., President of 
the University and ex-officio President of the faculty of each 
department. 

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS. 
Daniel Bonbright, LL.D., Dean. 
George Albert Coe, Ph.D., Secretary, - - - Evanston. 

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL SCHOOL. 
Frank Seward Johnson, A.M., M.D., Dean. 
Nathan Smith Davis, Jr., A.M., M.D., Secretary, - Chicago. 

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY LAW SCHOOL. 
Peter Stenger Grosscup, A.M., LL.D., Dean, 
Edward Avery Harriman, Secretary, - - - Chicago. 

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PHARMACY. 

Oscar Oldberg, Pharm.D., Dean. 

Albert Schneider, Ph.D., M.D., Secretary, - - Chicago. 

NORTHWESIERN UNIVERSITY DENTAL SCHOOL. 
Greene V. Black, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., LL.D., Dean. 
William Edward Harper, D.D.S., Secretary, - - Chicago. 

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY WOMAN'S MEDICAL 

SCHOOL. 

Marie Josepha Mergler, M.D., Dean. 

John Ridlon, M.D., Secretary, . . . . . Chicago. 

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MUSIC. 
Peter Christian Lutkin, A.G.O., Dean, - - Evanston. 

SCHOOLS OF THEOLOGY. 

GARRETT BIBLICAL INSTITUTE. 

Charles Joseph Little, D.D., LL.D., President, - Evanston, 

NORWEGIAN-DANISH DEPARTMENT. 

Nels E. Simonsen, A.m., D.D., Principal, - - Evanston. 

SWEDISH theological SEMINARY. 

Albert Ericsox, A.M., D.D., President, - - - Evanston. 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 
DENTAL SCHOOL. 



FACULTY, 



Henry Wade Rogers, \A^X>.^ President of the University. 

Greene Vardiman Black, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., LL.D., Dean^ Pro- 
Jessor of Operative Dentistry^ Pathology and Bacteriology, 

Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Oral Surgery. 

John Sayre Marshall, M.D., Professor Eineritus of Oral Surgery. 

Adelbert Henry Peck, M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Special Pathol- 
ogy y Materia Medica and Therapeutics. 

Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics. 

William Edward Harper, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Techftics^ 
Assistant Professor of Operative Dentistry ^ and Secretary of the 
Faculty. 

James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Technics, 
Prosthetic Dentistry and Metallurgy. 

Frederick Bogue Noyes, B.A., D.D.S., Professor of Histology. 

TwiNG Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology and Pathology. 

William Thomas Eckley, M.D., Professor of Anatomy, 

Vernon James Hall, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. 

George A. Dorsey, Ph.D., Professor of Comparative Anatomy, 



James Nelson McDowel, Yy.T>.S., Lecturer on Orthodontia. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 



THE DEMONSTRATORS. 



As the demonstrating force does not receive appointment until 
September, those for 1900-1901 cannot be given in this announce- 
ment. Each year a number of the members of the old force is 
retained and new demonstrators are appointed, mostly from those of 
the graduating class who by especial merit received this distinction. 



DEMONSTRATORS AND INSTRUCTORS OF 1899-1900. 



Homer Everett Robison, 

D.D.S. 
Arthur Clyde LaTouche, 

D.D.S. 
Thomas Reed, D.D.S. 
Robert William Johnson, 

D.D.S. 
Ralph Waldo Parker, D.D.S. 
Fred William Parker, *D.D.S. 
Walter James Petrie, D.D.S. 
Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S. 
George Robert Richardson, 

D.D.S. 
William Edward Morris, 

D.D.S. 
Fred William Gethro, D.D.S. 



Ruben Charles Traynham, 
D.D.S. 

Fred Ferdinand Ehlers, D.D.S. 

Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S. 

Harry Copley, D.D.S. 

William Preston Scott, D.D.S. 

Walter Willis Johnson, D.D.S. 

George Maurice Brosnihan, 
D.D.S. 

Nathaniel Bryan Wede Mc- 
Cartney, D.D.S. 

Benjamin Waldberg. 

Herbert Milton Craig, D.D.S. 

Frank Theodore Gerecke, 
D.D.S. 

Alice Steves, D.D.S. 



SPECIAL INSTRUCTORS. 

James William Birkland, D.D.S. 
George Buchanan Macfarlane, D.D.S. 
D. Willard Craig, B.S., M.D. 



QUIZ-MASTERS 

Eugene S. Willard, D.D.S., - 
Ira B. Sellery, D.D.S., 
Frederick W. Parker, D.D.S., 
Ralph W. Parker, D.D.S., 
Robert L. McIntosh, D.D.S., 
William A. Kaake, D.D.S., 
Edward Carney, D.D.S., 
Frederick Patton, D.D.S., 



Operative Dentistry. 

Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Materia Medica. 

Special Pathology and Therapeutics. 

- Pathology. 
Physiology. 

- Histology. 
Histology. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 



Northwestern University Dental School was founded aiul 
is luaintained by the University, for the purpose of preparing 
youni^ men and women in the most thorough manner for the 
})ractice of dentistry, and for the promotion of dental science 
and literature. No expense has been spared in its equip- 
ment or in the employment of an adequate faculty of skilled 
teachers, with a large force of demonstrators and assistants. 

SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Northwestern University takes pleasure in announcing to 
the dental profession and to students of dentistry that it has 
secured for a period of years the services of Professor G. 
V. Black, who devotes his entire time to teaching in the various 
departments of the dental school, and to superintending the 
order of instruction and the methods of teaching in all of the 
departments. He will continue his work in bacteriology and 
special pathology as heretofore, and in addition thereto will 
teach operative dentistry in the lecture-hall, and will person- 
ally superintend the clinical instruction of both senior and 
junior classes in the operative clinic room. 

Professor Prothero assumes charge of the prosthetic de- 
partment of the school, giving his entire time to that work. 
He is provided with special assistants for each section of his 
department, who will give their entire time to the work, 
together with an able corps of demonstrators. 

In order that Professor Black may give more time to the 
general supervision of the instruction given in the school. 
Professor Harper will assume a portion of the work in opera- 

6 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 7 

tive dentistry, and Professor Peck will assume a portion of 
the work in special pathology and hacteriology. 

THE MANAGEMENT. 

For the management of the Dental School the University 
has the services of Dr. W. E. Harper and Dr. G. V. Black, 
who devote their whole time to that work. Dr. Harper is 
the Secretary and Business Manager. He is an educator as 
well, and gives much time to the general educational inter- 
ests of the school. Dr. Black, on the other hand, gives his 
time and attention mainly to the dental educational features 
of the school, a duty which his long experience in teaching 
and wide familiarity with dental literature and educational 
matters render him especially fitted. It is becoming well 
known that if a dental school is to succeed well, its business 
must be judiciously managed, to the end that the most possible 
may be made of its income for the benefit of its classes. It is 
equally true that the devising and management of the courses 
of instruction, the order and modes of the presentation of sub- 
jects to pupils, and the arrangement of teachers in classes, 
sub-classes, and sections for lectures, class-work, laboratory 
exercises, and clinical teaching require constant care and 
study of a high order to enable students to realize the 
l)est results from their efforts during their years of school 
work. 

In order that the realization of these ends may be attained 
in the highest possible degree, the University has secured this 
combination in the management of its school. 

SITUATION AND SURROUNDINGS. 

Northwestern University Dental School is situated on the 
corner of Madison and Franklin Streets, Chicago. Entrance 
by elevator from Franklin Street. It occupies the fifth, 
fourth and third floors. It is within the principal business 
center of the city and in close touch with all of the principal 
surface and elevated lines of general and suburban travel 
with the dififerent portions of the city, of its suburbs and the 



8 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

country. Therefore, its students may reside conveniently 
in any part of the city or its suburbs. This gives them the 
widest possible range of choice of residence while attending 
the school without inconvenience in coming and going. It 
also gives the school the widest range of territory from which 
to draw the great clinic so necessary to a great dental school. 
The material supply for this clinic comes from all parts of 
the city of Chicago and its suburbs, and is dependent largely 
upon the personal influence of the students of the school, 
each one of whom draws from personal friends and acquain- 
tances made in and about their places of residence, patients 
who make up the personal clinical practice of the individual 
student under the supervision of the demonstrators in the 
school. In this the out-of-town student seems to be in no 
respect less favored than the student whose home is in the 
city. This gaining and holding a personal clinical prac- 
tice under the supervision of the instructors in the clinic 
rooms has come to be one of the features of this school that 
has a telling efl:ect upon the after-practice of its students ; 
for by this plan of work the student not only learns the 
theory of practice and the manipulations of practical opera- 
tions in dentistry, but he passes at once to the work of prac- 
tical experience in building a practice for himself and in 
gaining that skill in professional comity and personal man- 
ner between himself and his patients which is as necessary 
to him in after years in drawing together and maintaining 
a practice as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill 
in their treatment. 

For these reasons the residence of pupils in groups in 
widely different portions of the city is favored. This also 
gives the advantages of a more homelike life while giving 
in the aggregate a far better conception of life in a great city 
and decidedly better opportunity to draw upon its advan- 
tages while shunning the disadvantages of large gatherings 
of students in a single locality. 

Chicago is a great city and has many advantages to the 
student who learns early to avail himself of them. Lincoln 
Park on the north offers^ besides its beautiful pleasure 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 9 

grounds, some grand botanical gardens and winter conserva- 
tories where all manner of plants may be enjoyed or studied. 
A fine zoological collection, where a large variety of animal 
and bird life may be studied, and the museum of Natural 
History, in which there is a very large collection of birds, 
animals, and fossil remains of extinct animal life. Jackson 
and Washington Parks on the south, besides their splendid 
pleasure grounds, also ofifer splendid botanical gardens and 
winter conservatories, while the Field Columbian Museum 
ofifers a rare collection of Natural History specimens espe- 
cially suited for the study of comparative dental anatomy, and 
of modern and ancient human skulls and the condition of the 
teeth in the various races and types of men in different ages. 
The admission to this museum is free to students on presenta- 
tion of their matriculation tickets to this school. Many other 
parks afford favorite pleasure grounds. 

A Number of Libraries are accessible to students who 
have tastes for study, or for looking up subjects of interest, 
scientific, literary, or in connection with special studies. 

Chicago Library is on Michigan Avenue and Washington 
Street, ten minutes' walk from the school. It is one of the 
finest libraries in the country. Students may receive books 
from this library when vouched for by responsible persons 
known to the officials. This library has also many branch 
offices in different parts of the city, from which books may 
be received on application. These will often be convenient 
to the boarding places of students. 

The Newberry Library is very large and, besides general 
works, has also a large medical and dental library. It is on 
North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be reached 
in a fifteen minutes' walk, or by street cars. This is a ref- 
erence library, and books can be used only in its reading 
rooms. 

The Columbus Memorial Medical (and dental) Library 
and reading room is in the Columbus Memorial Building. 
It is a journal library, containing about all the medical and 
dental journal literature. Books and journals can be used 
only in its reading rooms. 



lO 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 




OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY IN THE GREAT CLINIC ROOM. 



The John Crerar Library occupies one floor in the Mar- 
shall Field building, corner Wabash Avenue and Washing- 
ton Street. It is devoted mainly to the natural, the physical 
and the social sciences, with their applications. It is a very 
large and a most excellent collection of books. It is a ref- 
erence library, and its books are used only in its reading 
rooms. 

These libraries are accessible to our students, and they 
will find in them not only a very large collection of books, 
but also men in attendance who are able and willing to assist 
the student in finding anything that they contain upon any 
given su1)ject. 

There are a large number of other libraries, both general 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 



1 1 




OFFICE FOR DISTRIBUTING MATERIAL IN THE CLINIC ROOMS. 

and on special subjects, that are available to the student who 
may wish to make proper and legitimate use of them. 

EQUIPMENT. 

The Equipment of Northwestern University Dental 
School, already excellent for teaching dentistry in all of its 
branches, is being continuously and rapidly improved. 

The Main Office of the Secretary and Business Manager 
is on the fifth floor, and is divided fmm the great chnic room 
by a railing, and overlooks the clinic, a;:d is always within 
easy reach of the individual student, the man who has busi- 
ness with the school, or the visitor. 



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DENTAL SCHOOL. '3 

The Main Office for Dispensing Material to Students is di- 
rectly across the room from the Secretary's office, and the 
space between these forms the reception room for patients 
and visitors. 

The Main Operative Clinic Room is eighty by one hun- 
dred feet and twenty feet from floor to ceihng, and accom- 
modates one hundred and forty operators comfortably at one 
time. It is furnished with the latest and best pattern of 
Columbia operating chairs. The light is by windows upon 
three sides, one great skylight in the center, two-thirds the 
length of the room, and two smaller skylights at either side. 
Also for dark days and early dusk of winter afternoons, 
ample electric light is provided. Around three sides of this 
room above the windows, a gallery has been placed which 
in no way obstructs the light, and adds beauty to the room. 
In this are placed separate lockers with combination locks for 
each pupil in which to keep his engine, operating case, hat, 
wraps and operating coat. 

The Crown and Bridge Clinic Room opens ofif from the 
main operative clinic room, and is furnished with twenty 
New Columbia operating chairs, in which the clinical fitting 
of crowns, bridges and plates for artificial teeth is done. 
The Senior Prosthetic Laboratory is conveniently situated 
across the hall from this room and is furnished with benches, 
vises, electric ovens for baking porcelain, lockers for students' 
prosthetic instruments, and other appurtenances necessary to 
practical prosthetic dentistry. 

The Extracting Room opening ofif from these rooms is 
conveniently situated, furnished with a Columbia operating 
chair, fountain spittoon, forceps, instrument cases and gas 
outfit and all the apparatus necessary for anaesthesia, and is 
in constant charge of an assistant to the professor of oral 
surgery. 

The Oral Surgery Clinic Room is also on the same floor 
across the hall and is so arranged as to bring the largest 
possible number of students near enough to satisfactorily 
observe clinical operations. It accommodates one hundred 
and seventy pupils at one time. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. ^5 

The Main Lecture Hall is on the same floor. It is fur- 
nished with tablet opera chairs of the best type and seats 
comfortably four hundred students. It is lighted with one 
great skylight in the dome, furnished with curtain for dark- 
enine the room for illustrative electric lantern work, has 
moving blackboards at the back of the speaker's area, and 
screen for lantern work, stationary blackboards on three 
sides, etc. Indeed, it is furnished with all of the modern 
appurtenances for teaching. 

The Anatomical Laboratory is within easy reach of this 
lecture room, so that illustrative dissections arc readily 
rbrought before the class. In this laboratory students do 
their work in sections, and under the efficient management of 
Professor Eckley it is made one of the most interesting rooms 
in the building to the student. 

Dropping now to the fourth floor one enters a long hall, 
the w^alls of which are filled from end to end with students' 
lockers. 
ji^^^ The Freshman's Prosthetic Technic Room is entered at 
^"the south end of this hall. It is furnished with benches, 
drawers for instruments, and stools for two hundred and 
twenty-five students, an electric motor which runs a bank 
of grinding lathes, vulcanizing apparatus, a bank of wash 
bowls with running water, plaster tables, speaker's desk, an 
office for dispensing material to students, receiving boxes for 
accepted work of students, etc. In this room the freshmen 
are taught the first rudiments of prosthetic dentistry. 

The Operative Technic Room is entered at the north end 
of the hall. It is lighted on three sides by large windows, and 
is provided with ample electric lights for dark days and for 
early dusk of winter afternoons. It has recently been en- 
larged and is now furnished with seats for two hundred and 
twenty students, each provided with bench, vise, and drawer 
for instruments. In this room dental anatomy and the rudi- 
ments of operative dentistry are taught. 

The Private Office of the Dean opens cfif this hall near 
the operative technic room. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. ^7 

The Chemical Laboratory opens on the east of the hall. 
It has benches and drawers with complete outfit of chemicals, 
water and gas at each bench for ninety pupils at one time. 
The room is furnished also with furnaces of the best pattern 
for metallurgic w^ork, making of solders, alloys, refining and 
assaying operations, refining and cleaning of scrap gold and 
other metals, alloys for amalgams, etc. The room is occu- 
pied mostly by the junior class. Close by the door of the 
Chemical Laboratory, another door leads into a small room 
furnished w^ith fine balances or scales for delicate quantitative 
determinations in chemical studies. 

The Junior Prosthetic Laboratory opens to the west from 
the hall. It is a large room, well lighted and furnished with 
benches, drawers and lockers for two hundred students at 
one time, and contains electric motor and bank of grinding 
lathes, vulcanizing outfit and electric porcelain apparatus, an 
office for the distribution of material and the reception of 
completed work, etc. It is used by the junior class. 

The Physical Laboratory and general utility room is on 
the east of this hall. It is a large room and serves as a meet- 
ing place for the faculty and demonstrators for instruction in 
the general work of the institution and direction in the teach- 
ing methods of the school. It is furnished with cases in 
which much of the physical apparatus and illustrative material 
of the school is stored, and tables for their use by sections of 
students. Much class work is done here by different instruc- 
tors. There are hundreds of large class charts and pictures, 
nearly a thousand lantern slides, boxed, numbered and cata- 
logued, hundreds of microscopic slides, microscopes for spe- 
cial uses, physical apparatus for measuring the force with 
which the human teeth may be closed, for determining the 
force necessary in crushing different articles of food, for 
determining the strength of filling material, for determining 
shrinkage and expansion of amalgams, for determining the 
force used in packing gold and amalgam fillings, etc. In- 
deed all of the physical determinations required by dental 
students. New instruments are being added as rapidly as 
their value is developed. 



1^ NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

The Bacteriological Laboratory is connected with this 
room and is furnished with apparatus for the preparation of 
culture media. Thermostats and culture ovens, apparatus 
for staining and mounting micro-organisms, apparatus for 
testing the value of antiseptics, benches for practical instruc- 
tive work, microscopes, electric lanterns, etc. 

NEW EQUIPMENT. 

Much new equipment has been added during the year 
in entirely new space on the third floor, comprising a new lec- 
ture room, a new quiz room, a nezv postofUce and lunch room, 
a nezv study and reading room, a new library and a new 
museum. 

The Histological and Histo-Pathological Laboratory is 
removed to the third floor, and is one of the best for its pur- 
pose in the building. It is lighted by seven large windows, 
and in addition has electric lights for each bench for use on 
dark days. The benches are all of hardwood, nicely finished 
and are furnished with lockers for instruments and apparatus. 
It is furnished with seventy microscopes and benches for 
seventy pupils at one time, though the sections are generally 
made much smaller. It is also furnished with numerous 
photographic illustrations of the tissues to be studied, electric 
lantern and screen with arrangements for dark room illustra- 
tive work, and more than five hundred lantern slides, appara- 
tus for section cutting, staining and mounting of sections, 
aquaria and live boxes for the continuous growth of con- 
fervse, animalcules, etc., for the illustration of cell life and cell 
function. This room is in charge of Prof. F. B. Noyes and 
is used mostly by the freshmen and junior classes in sections. 

The New Quiz Room is furnished with one hundred and 
ten new opera chairs, blackboard and screen for lantern illus- 
trative work, and other conveniences for teaching. 

The New Lecture Room is well lighted and is furnished 
with two hundred and twenty-five tablet opera chairs, with 
blackboards, screens, and connections for electric lantern illus- 
trative work, professors' ante-room, etc. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 19 

The New Reading Room will accommodate two hundred 
students at one time. It is well lighted on two sides and has 
chairs and tables where students may go at any time of the 
day for reading and for study and be assured of the most 
perfect quiet. No talking whatever is allowed. 

The New Library is in the same room, divided from the 
Reading Room only by the arrangement of the museum cases. 
It already contains about three hundred running feet of shelv- 
ing filled with books upon dentistry and correlated subjects 
and a well selected and rich library of encyclopedic literature, 
aside from a room devoted to the storage of unbound jour- 
nals. It contains practically all of the books on dental sub- 
jects available published in the English language and nearly 
complete files of the journals. Of these latter from two to 
twelve complete sets have been obtained. Of the current 
dental journals one dozen copies of each come to this library. 
All of this literature is available for students. 

Old Books on Dentistry are still much needed. Alumni 
and dentists having old books not especially valuable to them 
should send them to us, and they will be catalogued and placed 
on the shelves. 

The Museum of human and comparative dental anatomy, 
already very valuable to the student, is rapidly growing. It 
now contains skulls illustrating all of the principal variations 
of tooth forms of the animals, reptiles and fishes, and pre- 
pared skulls illustrating human dentition from birth to ma- 
turity. Skulls of different races and wild tribes of men, 
ancient and modern, are being gathered. Many specimens of 
irregular development of the human teeth, supernumerary 
teeth, teeth of anomalous forms and specimens illustrating 
the various phases of dental pathology, are already in the 
cases and more are being continually added. 

Both the Library and Museum are open to members of the 
dental profession for the purpose of reference or study, and 
it is the request of the institution that the profession assist 
in the growth of the collection by donations of specimens of 
any nature suitable to the purposes of the Museum. Hun- 
dreds of specimens of anomalous development of the teeth 



20 NORTHWKSTERN UNIVERSITY 

and of pathological conditions arc annually lost, which, if 
sent to us, will be appropriately labeled, the donor's name 
attached, placed in the cases, and become permanent and use- 
ful additions. 

COURSE OF STUDY. 

The regular session of 1 900-1 901 will begin on Wednes- 
day, October 3, 1900, and continue till the following May 
2, 1 90 1. The regular work of the school year will begin 
immediately upon the organization of the respective classes. 
The courses of instruction are progressive and extend over a 
period of three years, the teaching in one year not being 
repeated in the next. The pupils are strictly graded into 
Freshmen, Junior, and Senior classes, each having its sepa- 
rate and distinct courses of study. This division of classes 
in dental schools has been the work of years. Formerly the 
several classes listened to the same lectures all in a body. 
The division into distinct courses of study is complete in 
Northwestern University Dental School. No professor de- 
livers lectures to more than one class at one time. There- 
fore in each class throughout the whole period the teaching 
is directed solely to the particular class. In the operative 
and prosthetic clinic rooms the teaching by the corps of 
demonstrators is directed to the individual pupil and adapted 
to his individual needs. These are, therefore, occupied by 
the junior and senior classes in common. 

The Schedules appended and the Resume of the several 
courses of sti:idy which follow will give a good idea of the 
work of the school : 

General Anatony is in charge of Professor William T. 
Eckley. Its study is begun in the freshman year and con- 
tinued through the freshman and junior years. Under the 
able management of Professor Eckley this is made one of the 
most interesting courses of study in the school. Anatomy 
is taught by recitations, quizzes, demonstrations, and lec- 
tures. The classes are subdivided into groups of twelve stu- 
dents. Each of these groups is under a competent quiz 
master, who conducts recitations on lessons previously as- 



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24 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 




CORNER IN THE ANATOMICAL LABORATORY. 



signed. For this work each quiz master is provided with 
dissected specimens by which to illustrate lessons assigned. 
In this way the class has the benefit to be derived from the 
study of the text book and dissected specimens before the 
subject is presented by the professor, and is better prepared 
to understand and retain the subject matter. In the museum 
there are dissected specimens for the use of students. In 
the anatomical laboratory students are required to dissect the 
whole body (in parts during the two years) and are under 
competent demonstrators. 

Histology and the Histological Laboratory are in charge 
of Professor F. B. Noyes, who will give one lecture and two 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 25 

hours of laboratory study per week in both the freshman 
and junior years. In the laboratory work the class will be 
divided in sections (see the schedules). The freshman 
studies will begin with the vital manifestations and structure 
of living cells as exhibited in the large, single cell animal 
and plant forms common in ponds and ditches, such as the 
amoeba, vorticellae, rotifers and infusoria. The single cell 
forms are followed by the study of the formation of cell 
masses, or tissues, using first the Algae forming threads and 
sheets of cells and proceeding to those that form tissues of 
similar cells. In these studies the various forms of the repro- 
duction or multiplication of cells will be studied. Then the 
various elemental tissues of the animal, the epithelium, con- 
nective tissue, muscular tissue, and the nerves, are taken up. 
This work is done in the first semester. In the second semes- 
ter the relations and arrangements of the elemental tissues in 
their combinations which form the organs of the body will 
be studied. The laboratory work will follow the order of 
the lectures, accompanied by regular text-book study. The 
lectures will be illustrated by a large number of photomicro- 
graphs thrown upon the screen with the electric lantern. 

The Junior Year is devoted mostly to the teeth and related 
tissues. First, the bones and periosteum, then the dental tis- 
sues, the enamel, dentin, cementum, dental pulp and the peri- 
dental membranes. The enamel is studied with special refer- 
ence to the arrangement of the enamel rods and their inclina- 
tions upon dififerent parts of the crown, its lines of cleavage, 
its lines of strength and of weakness with relation to the 
preparation of the enamel margins of cavities. The nature 
and structure of dentin with its system of dentinal tubes and 
fibrils. The cementum, its structure, functions and relation 
to the peridental membranes, its formation, destruction and 
repair. The dental pulp is studied with relation to the for- 
mation of dentin, its structural elements with relation to path- 
ological conditions, etc. The structure and tissue of the 
peridental membrane in relation to its functions and its 
diseases. Sections of all of these tissues are prepared, 
mounted and studied in the laboratorv and careful draw- 



26 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

ings made of them by each student. The large collection of 
photomicrographs of these tissues used in the laboratory are 
of great assistance to the student. The development of the 
teeth is followed from the formation of the dental ridge to 
the completion of the formation of the teeth. In this work 
demonstrations in modeling clay clears up many difficulties. 

Physiology will be under the management of Professor 
Wiggin, who has had much experience in teaching this sub- 
ject to dental students. The course will include two lectures 
per week during the freshman year and one lecture per week 
during the junior year. 

Operative Technics is under the management of Professor 
William E. Harper, who has had a long experience in this 
work. The subject is taught by lectures, illustrated by 
models, by demonstrations, and by exercises in manipulation 
by the students, under the personal direction of the professor 
and his assistants. The first two weeks are given mostly to 
the study of dental nomenclature, or the study of the names 
of things with which the student must become familiar in 
the course of his dental studies. Then descriptive human 
dental anatomy is taken up and the forms and surface mark- 
ings of each tooth studied. This part of the w^ork is illus- 
trated by models enlarged about thirty times, enabling the 
professor to locate every detail of form and of surface mark- 
ings upon the teeth so that they may be accurately under- 
stood. This method of illustration greatly facilitates the 
progress of the student. 

After a lecture and a recitation upon a particular tooth 
the student selects several of that denomination from a large 
number of promiscuous teeth and files at least one longi- 
tudinal and two transverse sections for the study of the pulp 
chambers and root canals, together with their relations to the 
external surfaces of the tooth. This general plan is carried 
out with each tooth of the human mouth. In order that 
tooth forms may be more perfectly impressed upon the mind 
during this study, a carving of a tooth of each class, as the 
incisors, cuspids, l)icuspids and molars, is made by each stu- 
dent in bone or ivory representing the actual size and form 



DENTAL SCHOOL. ^7 

of the tooth. In this work the roughing out is done with the 
file, but the cutting of all the detail is done with the exca- 
vators that the student will afterward use in practice, he be- 
ing required to grasp and use the instruments as he will do 
in operations in the mouth. 

Instruments having now become in a degree familiar arc 
taken up and their classification, the rules governing their 
construction, the range of useful forms, the names of each 
and their proper care, are made subjects of careful study. It 
is particularly essential that each student be familiar with 
the forms and uses of each instrument in his set. With this 
end in view he makes a model in brass of the working point 
(not the handles) of each to actual measurement and the 
special uses of each are carefully taught in connection with 
actual cavity preparation in extracted teeth, ivory and bone. 
In this work cavities are classified and models of each are 
made by each student. The requirements for the prepara- 
tion of seats, the anchorage for fillings, and the forming and 
finishing of cavity margins, are carefully explained and 
strictly enforced. Special attention is given to the cleavage 
of the enamel, to its lines of strength, and to its lines of w^eak- 
ness, that these may be taken advantage of in practical work. 
In all of this the teaching of instrument grasps, finger rests 
for the perfect control of force, and the details of instru- 
mentation, is continuous. 

After the cavities have been passed upon by the professor 
or his assistants, the study of the working properties of 
cement, amalgam, and gold, and the instrumentation in their 
use, is studied and demonstrated, and the cavities filled by 
the student. This course is very important in the knowl- 
edge acquired, in the training of the hand and eye, and is 
interesting to the student. 

Note. — The operations in the technic departments require a 
very large number of natural teeth, and a sufficient supply is some- 
times difficult to get. It will therefore be to the interest of students 
if they will bring with them all the extracted teeth they can obtain. 

The Junior Course in Operative Dentistry will be given by 

Professor Harper. The didactic course will consist of tw^o 

lectures per week during the term. In this w^ork Professor 



2S NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

Harper will make a regular advance upon the work done in 
operative technics in the Freshman year, giving more definite 
application of the principles to the practical operations in the 
mouth. At the same time the students will begin putting the 
teachings into practice in the infirmary. 

At first a brief review in lecture and quiz of dental nom- 
enclature, and especially cavity nomenclature and instru- 
ment nomenclature, will be given to be sure that all students 
know these sufficiently well to proceed and follow the lec- 
tures understandingly. Then the subject of cavity prepara- 
tion will be given in detail step by step. Cavities will be 
classified and the plans of the formation of each class will be 
given, together with the particular instrument to be used in 
each part, and the methods of instrumentation to be followed 
in each individual class of cavities. 

After the lectures on Fridays (see schedule) Professor 
Harper will, during the first semester, take the class to the 
operative technic room for special drill in the instrumenta- 
tion of cavity preparation, methods of cutting enamel, and 
especially the benefit to be derived by taking advantage of 
its cleavage and the directions in which it cuts easiest under 
the varying conditions in wdiich it is presented in the mouth 
will be carefully demonstrated. The direction of the enamel 
rods on different portions of the crowns of the teeth, and 
the proper relation of the inclination of cavity walls to them 
will be studied. The forms of cavities in their relation to the 
stress of mastication, together with the forms of anchorage 
and the strength of fillings in the different classes of cases, 
will be presented. The final finish of margins will be demon- 
strated and taught with the purpose of bringing out the best 
efforts of the student in cavity preparation. 

In the second semester the lectures will be continued and 
Professor Harper will demonstrate in the infirmary Friday 
afternoons, following out the methods taught in their applica- 
tion in the mouth. 

It is intended that this junior course in operative dentis- 
try shall be especially a drill in technical procedures in filling 
teeth. 



3^ NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

The Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, in all of its 
branches, will be under the supervision of Professor Prothero, 
who gives this his whole time. He will deliver all of the 
lectures and manage in person and through his assistants 
the special lines of clinical instruction. This arrangement 
places all of the processes of clinical instruction under the 
control and direction of one professor, which prevents con- 
fusion in method and in the detail of technical procedures 
which so often confuse the student and cause loss of time in 
gaining a working knowledge of them. 

Prosthetic Technics will occupy three hours per day, 
three days in the week, during the Freshman year, with one 
lecture per week. The lectures will accompany and cover 
the processes undertaken in the technic laboratory for each 
week, the student performing under competent demonstra- 
tors the operations and using the materials and appliances 
described in each lecture. The course will begin with tak- 
ing impressions of the mouth for partial and full cases, using 
all of the various materials and appliances employed for that 
purpose. The manipulation of plaster-of-paris, preparing im- 
pressions for securing models, model making, and separating 
from impressions, making trial plates, occluding and waxing 
teeth in position, investment of cases, or flasking, description 
of vulcanizers and the processes of vulcanization, scraping, 
carving and polishing vulcanized cases, and methods of 
repairing vulcanite dentures, all of which will be illustrated 
by the practical work performed by the student in the labora- 
tory. 

Crown and Bridge Work. — Preparation of the roots of 
extracted teeth for bands, fitting bands, carving cusps in 
plaster and other material, making dies, swaging cusps, 
soldering >cusps to bands, and finishing. Making porcelain- 
faced crowns, conforming bands and constructing cope, 
grinding and backing facing and fitting to cope, investing, 
soldering and finishing, constructing various forms of por- 
celain and metal dummies, assembling crowns and dummies 
l)reviously constructed and forming bridges, investing, 
soldering and finishing. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 




ELECTRIC MOTOR. BANK OF GRINDING LATHES, AND GREAT VUL- 
CANIZERS IN PROSTHETIC TECHNIC LABORATORY. 



Making dies and counter dies for metal work, including 
preparation of model and making sand impressions, con- 
forming metal plate to die, and swaging, trimming and fin- 
ishing swaged plate, occluding and waxing teeth in position, 
backing, investing and soldering; also attachment of teeth 
with vulcanite, grinding, filing, scraping and finishing. This 
will include full and partial cases. 

Making lower dentures of cast metal, including special 



32 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

preparation of model, waxing up, investing, casting and 
finishing cases. 

It is the intention that this course shall render the student 
familiar with the various materials and processes used in 
prosthetic dentistry, train his hand in the performance of the 
mechanical w^ork, and fit him for the more complex technic 
work and the practical prosthetic cases to follow in the junior 
year. 

Metallurgy will also be presented by Professor Prothero 
in a short course of lectures during the freshman year, in 
which those metals used in dentistry will be the most promi- 
nently considered as iron, steel, copper, zinc, tin, lead, alu- 
minum, silver, gold and platinum. 

The Instruction in Prosthetic Dentistry in the Junior 
Year will include one lecture per week, advanced technics 
and practical cases for patients. It will begin with a review^ 
of taking impressions and the processes in vulcanite and 
will include the details of working celluloid. The construc- 
tion of gold plates, full and partial, and the working of 
aluminum in the making of cast plates and swaged plates, and 
the making of weighted dentures. Continuous gum work 
will also be introduced in this course. The principles of con- 
struction of all of the various crowns at present in use, the 
Logan, plain and banded, shell crowns and carving cusps and 
conforming them to the occlusion, porcelain faced crowns 
and porcelain crowns. Also a study of the stress applied by 
the muscles of mastication to the teeth, both singly and col- 
lectively, with its bearing upon crown and bridge construc- 
tion, including the conditions under which bridges should or 
should not be used. 

The Senior Year in Prosthetic Dentistry will be devoted 
more especially to infirmary practice, which will include the 
practical construction of the various crowns, bridges and 
plates of vulcanite, gold, aluminum, celluloid, continuous 
gum, etc., for patients, under the direction of Professor Pro- 
thero and his demonstrators. An advanced lecture course 
will also be given, occupying one hour per week, for about 
one-half of the term, which will include new methods and 
appliances and reviews. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 33 

The Infirmary Prosthetic Practice will have its special 
demonstrating force, which devotes its whole time to this 
work, and the demonstrators will he sufficient in number to 
give much time to individual students, directing them as to 
methods and demonstrating points of especial difficulty as 
they present themselves. 

General Pathology is presented by Professor Wiggin in 
one lecture per week during, the junior year. This course, 
while essential to render the student intelligent as to general 
pathological conditions, forms the basis of his studies of the 
special pathology of the tissues of the teeth, their membranes 
and correlated tissues and organs of the mouth. 

Comparative Dental Anatomy will be taught by Professor 
George A. Dorsey, Curator at the Field Columbian Museum. 
Professor Dorsey has given much attention to this subject 
in its practical and scientific aspects, has traveled much and 
gathered specimens in many parts of the world. He has 
personal acquaintance with most of the animals in their na- 
tive places and with various wild tribes of men now living, 
and has visited the burial places of many of the extinct races 
and personally gathered many of the specimens from which 
his conclusions have been drawn. The course will consist of 
one lecture per week, followed with two hours in the museum. 
In the museum the class will be divided into convenient sec- 
tions for the examination and study of specimens. In this 
course the student will study the animals, their food habits, 
the uses they make of their teeth, the forms of their teeth as 
related to food habits and as weapons of offense and defense. 
This will be followed by a study of the extinct species of ani- 
mals of the several classes, the variations that have occurred in 
their tooth forms in the various geological ages, together with 
the development of the complex tooth forms from the simple 
forms of the earlier animals, or the history of the origin and 
progress of the development of the tooth forms as they now 
exist in the animal world, and the uses made of this history by 
the geologist and students of natural history in the study of 
geological strata and of extinct species of animals. 

Chemistry. — The value to be derived from a orood under- 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 35 

standing of the science of chemistry as associated with 
dentistry cannot be overestimated. Elementary Chemistry, 
which continues throughout the Freshman year, is taught 
entirely by lectures. These lectures are fully illustrated Iw 
experiments before the class. Particular attention is given 
to the metals and their ores, specimens of which are kept con- 
stantly before the class. In this course it is found most prac- 
ticable to follow some standard text-book, the plan beinp; to 
assign work in advance of the lectures, so that when the stu- 
dent enters the lecture he has some preparation on the sul:)ject 
under discussion. Freshmen students are required to attend 
tvv'o lectures a week. 

Upon the Opening of the Junior Course the subject of 
Qualitative Analysis is taken up in the chemical laboratory, 
including abundant practice upon unknown mixtures and in 
the analysis of alloys, cement, teeth, etc. 

Following this a thorough study of the various dental 
cements is made, including the testing of cements for inju- 
rious quantities of arsenic. This course includes the prepara- 
tion by each student of a practical oxyphosphate cement 
which is free from arsenic. 

The subject of alloys is next taken up, with particular 
attention to those used in dentistry. An alloy of an assigned 
formula is made and studied by each student. The work, 
from the w^eighing out of the metals to amalgamation and 
packing of the prepared material in cavities in specially pre- 
pared steel blocks, is done entirely by the student. After the 
fillings are made, microscopical examinations and micro- 
metrical measurements follow and the student makes a com- 
plete report of the results. Somewhat over 200 allovs are 
made and examined, thus giving the student a thorough in- 
sight into the subject. 

A course in solder making is next given, including the 
preparation of tin, gold and silver solders. 

Refining metals is the next subject. Gold and silver 
scraps are refined and used in making solders, or alloyed and 
rolled into plate. 

In addition to the ordinarv outfit the labcratorv is pro- 



36 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

vided with a special large Hosking furnace and other forms of 
furnaces, rolling machines, anvils, balances, and many other 
forms of apparatus for this special course. 

Junior students are required to spend three hours per 
week in the la1)oratory throughout the year. 

Chemical Laboratory Deposit. — Before entering the 
Chemical Laboratory each student is required to make a de- 
posit of $5.00 to cover chemicals used, breakage, expenses and 
special printed directions furnished each student. It has been 
found by experience that the above deposit covers the aver- 
age expenses of the students throughout the year, so little, 
if any, of this is returnable. If, however, the student exceeds 
the deposit, he will be expected to pay the excess at the end 
of the course. 

Materia Medica will be studied in the junior year and will 
be presented by Professor Peck. It will occupy one lecture 
per week during the course, and will be a separate course 
from that given to the senior class. It will include a descrip- 
tion of drugs, classified in accordance with their therapeutic 
efifects and uses. The poisonous properties of drugs and their 
antidotes will be given, together with their therapeutic doses, 
prescription writing, and their curative employment. Espe- 
cial attention will be given to those drugs employed in dentis- 
try, the descriptions of which will be very full and complete, 
giving the origin, modes of preparation, physical properties 
and special forms of preparation for use. The poisonous 
properties will be illustrated by experiments upon animals, 
as far as that is practicable, showing the special features of 
the poisonous effects of each and the manner of use and the 
results of the employment of antidotes. The poisonous prop- 
erties of cocaine and its derivatives will receive special atten- 
tion in this experimental work upon animals. The anti- 
septics used in dentistry will also receive especial attention, 
and their antiseptic value will be illustrated by tests in the 
bacteriological laboratory, and their irritating and poisonous 
effects upon the animal tissues experimentally shown. 

There will also be a very brief course to the junior class 
in Special Pathology and Therapeutics, giving the subject 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 37 

matter in outline as a preparation for the more complete 
studies of the senior year. 

Special Pathology and Therapeutics will be presented to 
the senior class by Professor Peck in two lectures per week 
during the term. This will be in a degree divided between 
Professor Peck and Professor Black, the latter presenting 
dental caries and other diseases of the hard tissues of the 
teeth and Professor Peck the remainder. 

This course will include hyperaemia of the dental pulp, 
its causation, symptoms and treatment, inflammation of the 
dental pulp, suppuration, infarction and death of the organ, 
with detailed description of treatment in different conditions 
and stages of disease, destroying and removing the dental 
pulp, and the treatment and filling of root canals. The treat- 
ment of teeth presented with pulps dead and decomposed, 
description and treatment of apical pericementitis and of the 
conditions leading to the formation of alveolar abscesses, with 
their symtomatology and the therapeutic management of this 
class of cases. The pathology, therapeutics and general man- 
agement of alveolar abscess, both acute and chronic, the bur- 
rowing of pus among the muscles of the face and about the 
periosteum of the jaws, and kindred conditions. 

Diseases of the peridental membranes beginning at the 
gingival margin (so-called pyorrhea alveolaris) will receive 
close attention. The different forms presented by this im- 
portant group of diseases will be described in the lectures 
and illustrated by practical cases in the infirmary, and the 
treatment and general management of cases presenting the 
various characters followed under the direct supervision of 
Professor Peck and the demonstrators. 

The mitigation of pain in dental operations will receive 
especial attention, and the various means employed fully de- 
veloped and explained, and such directions given as will 
enable the student to avoid methods and drugs that may be 
hurtful or dangerous to patients. 

The infirmary clinic presents abundant illustrations of the 
various pathological conditions of the teeth and associate 
parts for the practical study of these conditions and their 



38 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

management, so that the ol)servant student may become prac- 
tically famihar with them. 

JVofessor Peck will be one-half day in each wx^ek in the 
infirmary clinic in personal teaching, explaining personally 
to students the meaning of various combinations of symp- 
toms, pointing out and explaining the underlying pathological 
conditions, and directing students in the applicaton of 
remedies to special cases. 

Experimental trial of drugs upon animals, illustrating 
their toxic effects, begun in the junior year, will be continued 
and extended in the senior year, especially those in use as 
local obtundants, or that exhibit poisonous properties that are 
in any wise dangerous to patients. 

Operative Dentistry. — The senior course in operative 
dentistry will be given by Professor G. V. Black in connec- 
tion with the course in bacteriology. The didactic course will 
occupy two lectures per week for the greater part of the year. 
It will consist in a brief review of the work done in the junior 
year, in the preparation of cavities and other manipulative 
procedures, but more essentially in a study of dental caries, 
the conditions of susceptibility and immunity to caries, its 
modes of attack, the means of its prevention and the manage- 
ment of filling operations for the prevention of its recur- 
rence ; the conditions under which extension of cavities for 
the prevention of the recurrence of caries should or should 
not be undertaken, the use of temporary fillings, especially for 
children, and the conditions for permanent operations for 
children ; the reasons for special methods in dififerent classes 
of cases, and the general adaptation of operative procedures 
as curative and preventive measures, etc. It is intended that 
this shall be an advanced course in the general management 
of operative procedures, the foundation for which has been 
laid in the freshman and junior years. 

The Operative Infirmary Clinic is under the direct super- 
vision of Professor G. V. Black. The student begins this 
work with the beginning of his junior year and continues it 
to the end of the senior year, the time given to it being much 
greater in the senior year. It is the intention that this in- 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 39 

firniarv practice l)e as much like an actual dental practice as it 
is possible to make it. The development of the ability to 
obtain and hold a practice, or that professional comity be- 
tween an operator and his patients essential to personal suc- 
cess, is regarded as parallel in its importance to the future of 
the student with the development of manipulative ability. 
In order that they may begin at once that practice by which 
this ability is developed, students are urged to bring their 
friends and acquaintances to the infirmary as their individual 
patients. Such patients will always be assigned as requested 
and become the patients of the individual student, and col- 
lectively will constitute his individual infirmary practice. 

This practice, however, is, and must be, under the direc- 
tion of the demonstrators in all of its details, from the pri- 
mary examination upon the entrance of the patient to the 
clinic room to its completion. Of the many patients who 
come to the clinic room without individual preference as to 
operator, assignments will be made to the students who may 
need them for a beginning of their clinical practice or who 
may not have obtained a sufficient number. 

The Demonstrating^ Force will be assigned to sections of 
the clinic room, and by a system of rotation each student will 
successively come under the direction of each demonstrator. 
The number of demonstrators will be ample to give a large 
amount of personal attention to each individual student in 
his section, consulting with him, directing his operations in 
detail and demonstrating points that may be new or difficult 
as they present themselves. This personal teaching is made 
a special feature of this school, and great attention is given 
by the management to the drill of the demonstrating force, 
in order that they may understand well their especial duties 
to the students and the methods of instruction adopted and 
maintained in the school, and that their direction and actions 
may be in harmony throughout their clinical teaching. To in- 
sure this harmony of action and of method the demonstrating 
force is brought together once per week throughout the 
course, much of the time twice per week, for instructions and 
special drill in teaching methods and their especial duties. 



^O NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

In this great clinic, embracing several hundred patients 
per day, students have the opportunity to see and to study 
a w^onderful variety of cases. They are made up of every 
variety of pathological condition, from the simplest devia- 
tion from the normal to the most grave conditions. A great 
variety of cases of irregularity of the teeth, impacted teeth, 
suppression of particular teeth, retention of deciduous teeth, 
atrophy of the teeth, and a great variety of deformities of the 
teeth and of the jaws can be seen and studied. A careful 
observer will be able to see more of the pathological condi- 
tions of the teeth, deformities of the teeth, irregularities of 
the position, etc., in this great clinic than he would observe 
in many years of ordinary private practice. A practice of 
two years in such a clinic does more to fit a young man for 
the duties of the private practice of dentistry than many years 
of ordinary office observation could do. 

The System of Credits for experience gained in clinical 
practice is such as to give each student a fair statement of 
what he has done. Instead of counting this by the number 
of cavities fihed, great and small, as has been the custom, 
the credits are awarded in points. The basis of the point is 
a small pit cavity in the occlusal surface of a molar, the easi- 
est cavity to fill. In case of other and more difficult cavities 
the credit is given in a number of points proportionate to 
the difficulties of the individual case. Therefore, no matter 
what the dfficulties of the case, or the time required, the 
credits for experience gained will be in due proportion to the 
efifort required. Hence students undertake and do all classes 
of cases, simple or difficult, with equal zeal. 

In clinical operative dentistry each student of the senior 
class will be required to present a written description in 
detail of the conditions of the patient and of teeth requir- 
ing operation, and of the operative procedures in the prepara- 
tion and filling of four cavities, two gold and two amalgam, 
done under the immediate supervision of Professor Black, or 
of assistants whom he may appoint for that purpose. Recent 
experience has shown this exercise to be a very important 
one to the advancement of the student. Two of these writ- 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 4^ 

ten descriptions of special fillings, one gold and one amalgam, 
must be handed in before the 15th of December, and the 
other two before the ist of April. 

Summer Clinics. — The clinic rooms will be open all the 
year for the benefit of students who may wish to have greater 
experience in clinical practice under competent supervision. 
The number of demonstrators during the summer will be 
ample for the class that may choose to remain with the school. 
The clinical material is abundant and a most excellent oppor- 
tunity is afforded for clinical practice. 

Bacteriology will form an important part of the senior 
course given by Professor Black. It will be presented espe- 
cially in its relations to dental pathology and dental practice. 
The student will be familiarized with the general principles 
of the subject, with the nature of these growths, the place 
they occupy in nature, their physiological processes, how and 
where they grow, how they live, what they do, and how they 
produce disease. The differences between disease-producing 
and non-disease-producing organisms will be pointed out. 

The micro-organisms of the human mouth will receive 
especial attention. They will be collected from patients in 
the infirmary and from members of the class in the lecture 
room, thus pointing out their natural habitat and the appear- 
ances produced by their natural growth. These will be cul- 
tivated in the various culture media, illustrating the growths 
as they appear to the naked eye in such ways as to illustrate 
the practical necessities of aseptic operating in dentistry, when 
and how dangers of infection arise, and how to avoid them. 
Species will be separated by plate culture, and pure growths 
of varieties obtained directly from the mixed growths gath- 
ered from patients and students. The forms of grow^th as 
they appear to the naked eye on the various culture media 
will be studied in the lecture room and laboratory, and the 
microscopic characters of the organisms, plans of staining, 
mounting, etc., will be studied by sections in the laboratory. 
The testing of antiseptics will be in the hands of Professor 
Peck and w^ill be studied in a practical way. 

Orthodontia w^ill be taught both didactically and clinically 



42 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 




ORTHODONTIA CORNER IN THE GREAT CLINIC ROOM. 



by James N. McDowel, D. D. S. The didactic course will 
consist of one lecture per week through the first semester, 
in which the subject will be taken up systematically, proceed- 
ing from the normal occlusion to explain the abnormal ar- 
rangements and faulty occlusion of the teeth and of the irreg- 
ular forms of the dental arch. These derangements of align- 
ment of the teeth and the malforms of the dental arch will 
Ijc so classified as materially to assist the student in an under- 
standing of them, and the means and mechanical arrange- 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 43 

ments of fixtures to bring the several classes of irregularities 
into normal form, or to the best possible form in individual 
cases in which the normal cannot be successfully reached. 

Dr. McDowel has had a wide experience in the clinical 
teaching of the subject of Orthodontia in this school for a 
number of years past, often having from forty to fifty cases 
under observation and treatment at one time in his demon- 
strative clinic. This demonstrative v^ork will be continued 
by Dr. McDowel in connection with his lectures, and all 
of the aids at present developed in methods of teaching this 
subject will be in use as occasion demands. The newer 
features of X-ray pictures for the determination of the posi- 
tions of teeth that from any cause have failed to erupt at the 
normal time, and for determining the positions and forms of 
roots of teeth that are abnormally placed, is being used and 
will be continued, demonstrating the value of this method 
of diagnosis in cases of special difficulty. 

Oral Surgery. — Professor Thomas L. Gilmer will have 
charge of the department of Oral Surgery. One lecture per 
week and a clinic of one and a half to two hours per week 
will be given during the term. The course will embrace 
instruction in the general principles of surgery and their 
practical application to pathological conditions occurring 
about the mouth and face, giving especial attention to diag- 
nosis and recognition of conditions requiring surgical inter- 
ference. It will include the extraction of teeth with special 
attention to the difficulties encountered in cases of malposed 
and impacted teeth, the surgical treatment of facial defects 
and blemishes, the surgical treatment of alveolar abscess, the 
treatment of caries and necrosis of bones, fractures of the 
jaws, including the various devices and methods of fixing 
and retaining fractured and displaced bones in position. The 
treatment of diseases of the Antrum of Highmore, the diag- 
nosis and removal of tumors occurring about the mouth and 
face, the exsection of nerves in the surgical treatment of 
persistent neuralgias, etc. 

The whole clinical course will be an exemplification of 
aseptic and antiseptic surgery in its adaptation to, and uses 



44 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

in, the various phases of the surgical treatment of both acci- 
dent and deUberate operative cases. 

Anaesthesia will be presented in detail in lectures, experi- 
mentally upon animals and in clinical illustration, embracing 
all of the agents used for the mitigation of pain. Nitrous 
oxide will be exhibited daily in the extracting clinic, and ether 
and chloroform in the surgical clinic. 

It is especially intended that this course of instruction 
shall embrace those conditions which the dentist is likely to 
meet in his practice, not omitting careful attention to the 
minor surgical operations which the dentist should ordinarily 
do for his patients, while giving an excellent basis of instruc- 
tion to those who may aspire to a practice in oral surgery 
in the future. 

Professional Ethics and Dental Jurisprudence will be pre- 
sented by Professor Edmund Noyes and will occupy one 
lecture per week during the first semester. It will consist 
of a brief statement of the more important principles of mor- 
als, followed by an exposition of the special duties and moral 
obligations of professional men in respect to their patients, 
toward their fellow practitioners, and toward the public, for 
the upholding of the honor and dignity of the profession. 
The more important differences between the professions and 
businesses or manufacturing pursuits will be explained, with 
reference to the ethical standards that are right and appro- 
priate in each. The Professor and Faculty earnestly desire 
that students understand and appreciate the high standard of 
moral quality and devotion to duty which ought to charac- 
terize all professional men. 

The lectures on Jurisprudence will, in the main, follow 
the text book by Dr. Rehfuss. It will include qualifications 
and duties of expert witnesses, the importance of dental rec- 
ords, etc., as a means of identification, the limitations of dental 
practice, the qualifications required, and the liabilities incurred 
by those who administer anaesthetics, the penalties that may 
be suffered, and the defense to be made in case of real or 
supposed malpractice, and the liability in case of infection 
from instruments ; the requirements of the Illinois law and 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 45 

the laws of other states respecting- the practice of dentistry, 
the steps necessary to become legal practitioners, the duties 
and liabilities of dentists with reference to the law, etc. This 
course of lectures will be followed by an examination at its 
completion. 

SUMMARY OF STUDIES. 

FIRST YEAR. 

Anatomy, two lectures per week during term. 
Anatomy, dissecting the median half of the human body. 
Physiology, to Nervous System, two lectures per week. 
Histology, one lecture per week. 
Histology, laboratory, two hours per week. 
Chemistry, lectures and class work, two hours per week. 
Operative Technics, three half days per week. 
Prosthetic Techriics, three half days per week. 
Prosthetic Dentistry and Metallurgy, one lecture per week. 
Quiz and study hours. 

SECOND YEAR. 

Anatomy, two lectures per week during term. 

Anatomy, dissecting the median half of the human body. 

Physiology, Nervous System, one lecture per week. 

General Materia Medica and Therapeutics, one lecture per week. 

Pathology, general, one lecture per week. 

Pathology, special, one lecture per week. 

Chemistry, laboratory, three hours per week. 

Histology, general and dental, one lecture per week. 

Histology, laboratory, two hours per week. 

Prosthetic Dentistry, one lecture per week. 

Operative Dentistry, two lectures per week. 

Prosthetic Dentistry, laboratory and infirmary practice. 

Operative Dentistry, technics and infirmary practice. 

Quiz and study hours. 

THIRD YEAR. 

Dental Pathology, two lectures per week. 

Oral Surgery, one lecture per week. 

Oral Surgery Clinics, two hours per week. 

Orthodontia, one lecture per week. 

Orthodontia Clinics, three hours per week. 

Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics, about ten lectures. 

Prosthetic Dentistry, one lecture per week during first semester. 

Prosthetic Dentistry, laboratory and infirmary practice. 

Operative Dentistry and Bacteriology, two lectures per week. 

Operative Dentistry, Recitations, two hours per week. 

Operative Dentistry, infirmary practice. 

Quiz and study hours. 



4^ NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



TEXT BOOKS. 

FIRST YEAR. 

Anatomy — Morris, Eckley. 

Dental Anatomy — Black. 

Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — Black. 

Physiology — Kirkcs. 

Chemistry — Hall. 

Histology — Piersol. 

Medical Dictionary — Duane, Gould, Thomas. 

SECOND YEAR. 

Anatomy — (Same as first year.) 

Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — Black. 

Physiology — Kirkes. (Same as first year.) 

Materia Medica — Hare. 

Chemistry — Hall. 

Comparative Anatomy — Thompson. 

THIRD YEAR. 

Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — Black. 

Oral Surgery — Marshall. 

Orthodontia — Angle, Guilford, second edition. 

Special Materia Medica — Hare. 

Dental Jurisprudence — Rehfuss. 

REFERENCE BOOKS. 

American System of Dentistry. 
Crown and Bridge Work — Evans. 

Diseases and Injuries of the Teeth — Smale and Colyer. 
Principles of Surgery — Senn. 

The American Text-Book of Prosthetic Dentistry — Essig. 
The American Text-Book of Operative Dentistry — Kirk. 
Micro-Organisms — Abbott. 

Micro-Organisms of the Human Mouth — Miller. 
Dental Pathology and Pharmacology — Burchard. 
Oral Surgery — (5arretson. 

Gray's Anatomy, Long's Chemistry, Tomes' Comparative Dental 
Anatomy. 

INSTRUMENTS. 

The instruments essential to the students in the several depart- 
ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined. 
Much care has been bestowed upon the selection of the instrument 
sets that the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs 
without being excessive. Close study of this subject and long and 
careful obervation of students and the progress they make in the 
attainment of manipulative skill show their progress to be so closely 
related to their instrument equipment that this school must demand 
that the instrument sets required be obtained by each student as a 
condition of his continuance in school work. 

It is found that a close adherence to the formula plan, in the study 
of cutting instruments particularly, is essential in teaching the im- 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 47 

portant subject of cavity preparation; and this will be carried out 
critically in all departments of the school. This teaching is begun 
in the technic classes, and the same lines of instruction are followed 
progressively by teachers and demonstrators in all of the departments 
to the end of the Senior year, the same instrument sets being used 
throughout the course of study. 

The instrument lists appended are required because they are 
essential to the student's progress, and students must provide them. 
Studeiits should not bring with them, nor purchase, instruments of 
other patterns, for they cannot be received as equivalents of the re- 
quired sets. They are the same as those required last year. No stu- 
dent is required to make changes in his instrument sets during his 
three years' course. 

CUTTING INSTRUMENTS. 
ORDINARIES. 





HATCHETS. 






HOES. 




12, 5,6 
8,3,6 
6,2,6 


12, 5, 12 

8, 3, 12 

6, 2, 12 


12, 5, 23 
8, 3, 22 

6, 2, 22 


12, 5, 6 
8,3,6 
6,2,6 


12, 5, 12 

8, 3, 12 

6, 2, 12 


12, 5, 23 
8, 3, 22 

6, 2, 23 



SPECIALS. 

ENAMEL HATCHETS. GINGIVAL MARGIN TRIMMERS. 

Right 20, 9, 12 Left 20, 9, 12 Right 20, (95), 9, 12 Left 20, (95), 9, 12 
Right 15, 8, 12 Left 15, 8, 12 Right 20, (80), 9, 12 Left 20, (80), 9, 12 
Right 10, 6, 12 Left 10, 6, 12 

SPOONS. BINANGLE CHISELS. 

Right 20, 9, 12 Left 20, 9, 12 20, 9, 6 

Right 15, 8, 12 Left 15, 8, 12 15, 8, 6 

Right 10, 6, 12 Left 10, 6, 12 10, 6, 6 

STRAIGHT CHISELS. 
20. 15. 10. 

SIDE INSTRUMENTS. 

HATCHETS. DISCOID. CLEOID. 

5, 3, 28 20 20 

3, 2, 28 

All handles roughened. Handles of enamel hatchets and chisels 
a size larger than other instruments. 

PLUG FINISHING INSTRUMENTS. 

I Set of 3 Finishing Knives. 

I Set of 6 File-cut Finishing Files. 

1 Wilson or Sibley Saw Frame. 

2 Doz. Kaeber Saws. 

. GOLD FILLING INSTRUMENTS. 

I Automatic Mallet. 

I each Plugger Points, University, Nos. 4, 5, 10, 11. 

I each Plugger Points, Nos. 7, 8, 9, 34, 49, 89, 322, 391, 408. 

I Plugger Point, Varney No. 5. 

I Special Holding Instrument. 

I Weston's Plugging Assistant. 

I each Pulp-Canal Pluggers Nos. 3^, 36. 



4^ NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

AMALGAM PLUGGERS. 

15 X 35, 7, 12 35, 7, 12 

35 X 15, 7, 12 25, 7, 12 

10 X 30, 7, 12 15, 7, 12 
30 X 10, 7, 12 

ENGINE INSTRUMENTS (Not required of Freshmen). 

I Dental Engine. 

Burs, Round- \ ^/^^ ,/^ f ^^ ^^ ^^ 
; Nos. 72 I 3 S 7 

Burs, Inverted Cone- j If ^ ^^^ ,^ '^ '^ ^^ 

/Nos. 33^ 34 36 38 40 

T> T7- c -n 1 ^ Size 6 8 12 16 20 

Burs, F.ssure, Square End- I j^^^ ^^y^ ^^ ^g ^ ^^ 

Burs. Finishing, Oval- j ^.'^'^ ^o 25 40 g^ j 25 
^' ( Nos. 218 219 222 ( 225 

Drills— \ ^^^^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^4 8 10 

( Nos. 100 loi 102 104 114 115 

I Porte Polisher No. 307. 

1 box of Boxwood Polishing Points. 

2 Mandrels, No. 304. 

I Mandrel, Ivory's or Morgan-Maxfield. 
I box each Emery Paper Disks, ^/^-inch, grits, Nos. 00, i. 
I box each Sand Paper Disks, ^-inch, grits, Nos. 00, i. 
I box each Cuttle Fish Paper Disks, ^-inch and ^-inch. 

ACCESSORIES (Not required of Freshmen). 

I Instrument Case (Cushing's, Ransom & Randolph's, or equivalent) 

I Mouth Mirror, No. 3. 

I set Scalers, Harlan's or Cushing's. 

I each L. H. Scalers, Darby-Perry, Nos. 5, 6, or Moor 33, 34. 

I Rubber Dam Punch, Perfected. 

I Universal Rubber Dam Clamp Forceps. 

I each Rubber Dam Clamps, special right and left. 

I each Rubber Dam Clamps, Nos. 5, 9, 14, 18. 

I Hatch Cervical Clamp. 

I Perry Universal Separator. 

I Silver Probe. 

1 Rubber Dam Holder. 

2 Rubber Dam Weights. 

I Water Syringe, No. 22. 
I Chip Syringe, No. 27. 
I Abscess Syringe, Dunn's. 

ACCESSORIES (Required of Freshmen.) 

I pair Foil Carriers, No. 12. 

I pair Surgeon's Pocket Scissors, ^ inches, straight. 

I each Long Handled Explorers, Nos. 3, 13, 14. 

I each Burnishers, Nos. 2, 26, 28. 

T Cement Spatula, No. 9. 

I Hand Mallet, No. 5 or No. 15. 

I Alcohol Lamp, No. i, with Annealing Tray. 

I Cement Slab, No. 2. 

I Mortar and Pestle. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 49 

I Methot's Cotton Holder. 
I Arkansas Stone, 2x5x^><i inches. 
I box Perfection Polishing Strips. 
I Pin Vise. 

1 Pocket Lens, two glasses. 

2 Sheets Gutta-Percha for Base Plates. 
I Millimeter Gauge. 

I Mercury Holder. 

1 oz. Absorbent Cotton. 

2 Broach Holders, No. 3. 
^-doz. Assorted Broaches, No. 4. 

I box Round Gutta-Percha Root Canal Points, Assorted. 
I sheet Base-Plate-Gutta-Percha. 

SPECIALS (Required for Freshmen Operative Technics). 

I Roller Instrument Case. 

8 Medicine Bottles. 

I Work Box. 

I Card Board arranged for Tooth Sections. 

I Card Board arranged for Instrumentation. 

I set Ivory or Bone Blocks. 

12 Small Wood Blocks for Mounting. 

I Tooth Brush Handle. 

I Skein Gilling Twine. 

I Stick Sealing Wax. 

I pkg. Sheet Copper for Matrices, guage z^- 

I box Piano Wire, 6-inch lengths, gau<^e 20. 

I piece Brass Tubing for Cleaning Files, ^ x 6 inches. 

50 pieces Brass Wire, 4^ inches long, gauge 13. 

I Revolving Head Engine Bit Holder. 

I each Engine Burs, Nos. ^, i, 3, 5, 7, Ti, 66. 

I Grobet File, Half-round, 5 inches, No. i. 

I Grobet File, Half-round, 5 inches. No. 3. 

MEDICINE LIST (Not required of Freshmen). 

I case Medicine Bottles. 
I bottle Arsenical Paste. 
Yi oz. Pyrozone, 3 per cent. 
1/2 oz. Trichloracetic Acid, 4 per cent. 
Yi. oz. Dialyzed Iron. 
^ oz. Oil of Cassia. 
^2 oz. Oil of Cloves. 
H oz. Eucalyptol. 
K oz. Tincture Aconite. 
^4 oz. Tincture Iodine. 

H oz. Oil of Cassia, i; Carbolic Acid (Crystals), 2; Oil of Winter- 
green, 3. 
^ oz. Monsell's Salt, Sub-Sulphate of Iron. 
y2 oz. Sat. Sol. Resublimed Iodine in Beechwood Creosote. 
H oz. Sol. Iodide of Zinc, 24 grains to one ounce. 
y? oz. Chlora-Percha. 
y2 oz. Glycerite Tannin. 
Yz oz. Campho-Phenique. 

Y2 oz. Tincture Aconite, i ; Iodine, i *, Chloroform, i. 
Y2 oz. Powdered Sulphate of Copper. 



50 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

FOR PROSTHETIC DEPARTMENT (Required of Freshmen) 

I Plaster Bowl "B." 

I Plaster Spatula, No. 17. 

I each Impression Trays, Upper, Nos. 3, 5, 22. 

I each Impression Trays, Lower, Nos. 10, 16, 25. 

I Articulator, Snow, Lewis, or Antes. 

V2 lb. "Tenax" Pink Wax. 

I Wax Spatula, Prothero's. 

I Star Flask. 

I Flask Wrench. 

I Rubber File, D. E., Half-round, 8 inch. 

I each Rubber Chisels, Nos. 14, 15. 

I each Kingsley's Finishers, Nos. 4, 5, 6. 

I Felt Cone, Large, Blunt. 

I Felt Wheel, No. 2. 

1 each Brush Wheels, Nos. 4, 20, 26. 

2 Chucks for Lathe. 

I Carborundum Wheel, 1% x% inch. Grit B. 

I Carborundum Wheel, i]^ x % inch. Grit D 

I Mechanical Saw Frame. 

I doz. Mechanical Saws, No. 00. 

I doz. Mechanical Saws, No. 2. 

I pair Plate Shears, Heinisch. 

I pair all steel Round-Nose Pliers, 4% inch 

I pair all steel Flat-Nose Pliers, 4^ inch. 

I Horn Mallet. 

I Plate Punch, No. i. 

I Riveting Hammer ''B." 

I pair Solder Tweezers ''A." 

I pair Solder Tongs, Special. 

I Plate Burnisher, Prothero's. 

I Blow-Pipe, Lee or Stiver. 

18 inches Rubber Tubing, %. inch. 

54 inches Rubber Tubing, 5-16 inch. 

I Soldering Block, Asbestos or Charcoal. 

I Borax Slate. 

I Grobet Plate File, Half-round, q inch, No. 3. 

I Gas Burner, No. 12, with Spider. 

% lb. Asbestos, Special. 

I Melotte's Moldine Outfit. 

4 lbs. Babbitt Metal. 

4 lbs. Counter-die Metal. 

I each Casting Rings, large and small. 

I each Pin Vises, Nos. i and 2. 

I spool Annealed Iron Wire, No. 36 Gauge. 

I Martin's Screw Plate, Series B, Nos. o to 12. 

1 Draw Plate, Special. 

2 strips German Silver, I2x^ inch, Gauge 28. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, Gaug-e 14. 
12 inches Stub's Steel Wire, 93-1000. 

4 inches Steel Wire, % inch diameter. 
I bottle of Shellac Varnish. 
I bottle Separating Fluid. 
y^ lb. Modeling Composition. 

3 sheets Sand Paper No. i. 

4 sheets Bow-Spring Rubber. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 5^ 

2 sheets Pink Riil)ber. 
I Tin Pan with Handle. 
5 dwts. Silver Solder. 
Yz oz. Soapstone. 

ADDITIONAL FOR JUNIORS AND SENIORS. 

I each Enamel Cleavers, Case's Nos. i, 2. 
I piece German Silver Plate, 22 Gauge. 
I piece German Silver Wire, 16 Gauge. 

1 piece of Aluminum Plate, 18 Gauge. 

2 pairs Contouring Pliers. 

I pair Curved Plate Shears. 
I pair Plate Nippers. 

Written Quizzes and Examinations will be held by the various 

professors at intervals during the course, and especially at, or near, 
the end of the first semester, or from the loth to the 12th of December. 
A fev^ of these latter, especially in those lecture courses which termi- 
nate with the first semester, will be final examinations, and a few 
others will be final upon the subjects passed over. But, for the most 
part, they will take the form of written quizzes as an educational 
exercise and for determining the progress being made by the classes 
as a whole, and by the individual student. Past experience has shown 
that the written quiz is of great value to the student as a training in 
the formation of his ideas and in pointing out the particular lines of 
his strength or weakness and guiding him in his further studies. 

The monthly reports of attendance, and the standing of pupils in 
quizzes, recitations, laboratory work and in infirmary practice, both 
operative and prosthetic, will be considered in making ud the rating 
upon final examinations. 

The final examinations will be held at the close of the term. Those 
of the senior class will begin on April i6th and be completed on the 
2ist. Those of the junior and freshman classes will begin April 23d 
and be completed on May ist. 

HONORS 

Hereafter this school will present no special honors or lists of 
students of special mention. We prefer that all graduates leave the 
school upon an equal footing so far as designated by the school. 



It is with the greatest sorrow and regret that we announce the 
death of Dr. Theodore Menges. The Northwestern University 
Dental School will be the monument of his zeal for dental education. 
His work will be carried on by his friend and co-laborer Dr. W. E. 
Harper. Trustees, Faculty, and students will sorely miss the genial, 
large-minded, and restlessly active Secretary and Business Manager, 
but his spirit and purposes will pervade the school and be a per 
petual stimulus to high endeavor. 



52 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION. 

A radical change has been made by dental schools in the 
methods of examination for admission. Formerly these ex- 
aminations were made by the officers of the Dental School, 
but the Faculties' Association, at the Omaha meeting in 1898, 
passed a rule requiring that these examinations be made by 
the legally constituted officers of instruction of the locality in 
which the applicant resides. 

Therefore students desiring to matriculate in this school 
must bring with them credentials signed by a County or State 
Superintendent of Schools, a City Superintendent of Schools, 
or a principal of a high school. 

These credentials must show the applicant to have pro- 
gressed in his studies to the completion of the second year of 
the high school or its equivalent in order to entitle him to 
matriculate in this school for the term beginning in October, 
1900. These credentials will not be required of applicants 
who present diplomas from high schools or colleges. 

ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING. 

Students who present certificates of having taken courses 
in other recognized schools which cover subjects required 
in this school will be accredited with such studies if satis- 
factory to the professors in the respective departments. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION. 

The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred on 
such students as complete the course of instruction, having 
attended three courses of lectures, the last of which must be 
in this school, and passed satisfactory examinations in all the 
subjects of study. To be admitted to the degree, the student 
must be twenty-one years of age, and possess a good moral 
character. He must have paid all fees in full. 

The monthly reports of the quizzes and the infirmary 
practice of the students will bear very materially upon their 
standing at all examinations. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 53 



EXPENSES. 

Fees are good until May ist, 1901. The fees are payable 
in advance. 

FIRST YEAR. 

Matriculation Fee $ 5 . 00 

General Ticket 100 . 00 

Histological Laboratory Ticket 5.00 

Dissecting Fee ( i part) 10 . 00 

SECOND YEAR. 

Matriculation Fee $ q .00 

General Ticket 100.00 

Histological Laboratory Ticket 5.00 

Dissecting Fee ( i part) 10 . 00 

THIRD YEAR. 

Matriculation Fee $ 5 . 00 

General Ticket „ 100 . 00 

Final Examination Fee 20.00 



Where it is so desired, the tuition fee may be divided into 
two parts, but in such cases an additional fee of $5.00 will be 
charged. Where the fee is so divided, $65.00 must be paid 
on or before the 20th day of October, 1900, and $60.00 must 
be paid on or before the 20th day of January, 1901. 

These conditions cannot be modified except upon the 
written consent of the proper officials of the University. 

A fee of five dollars must be deposited to cover chemicals 
and breakage in Chemical Laboratory. 

All remittances, cheques, money orders, etc., should be 
made to the order of R. D. Sheppard, Treasurer. 

Good board and rooms convenient to the school can be 
obtained at prices varying from three dollars and a half to 
five dollars a week, according to the accommodations; also, 
vacant rooms, without board, furnished or unfurnished, can 
be obtained at from six dollars to ten dollars per month. 

For further information and special circular relating to the Dental 
School, address G. V. Black, Dean, or Dr. W. E. Harper, Secretary, 
corner Madison and Franklin Streets, Chicago, Illinois. 

It is desirable that students should matriculate early, inasmuch as the order of assign- 
ment of seats is based upon the order of time in which they matriculate. 



54 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

NOTICE. 

The Library, Museum and Reading Room of xVorthwest- 
ern University Dental School is maintained especially for the 
benefit of its students, but incidentally for the whole dental 
profession. It is the intention that they shall be open to any 
dentist who may wish to look up any point, read any article, 
find any literature not contained in his private library, or to 
inspect any specimens in the Museum. Indeed, any member 
of the profession in good standing may have the use of this 
Library (under the ordinary library rules), by simply asking 
for an admission card. 

A Catalogue of the Library, and Museum is now being pre- 
pared for publication and will be issued in i\ugust, or earlier, 
and may be had by any member of the profession upon appli- 
cation. 

To further the interests of this Library and Museum and 
render it more valuable to our students and the general pro- 
fession, we ask donations of old books and magazines of every 
kind pertaining to dental subjects; (the older these are the 
more valuable to the Library), in order that we may render it 
more complete. There are many old books out of print, and 
which cannot be purchased, in the hands of dentists who do not 
especially care for them, that would become very valuable 
to this Library. 

Specimens of Abnormal Teeth of every kind are wanted, 
every one of which will contribute to the completeness of this 
feature of the Museum. Many of these are lost every year, 
which, if sent to us^ will be mounted, placed in the cases, prop- 
erly labeled and classified, and become permanent additions 
of interest. 

It is the intention that this Library and Museum be con- 
tinually growing^ both by purchase and by contributions, 
until it shall become the most complete store of recorded 
knowledge of dental subjects in the country, and that the 
dental profession of the great Northwest shall have in it a 
common interest. 

All books and specimens donated to the Library or 
Museum will bear the donor's name on the label. 



SENIOR CLASS. 

Ackers, Charles Franklin Logan, O. 

Ahlenfeld, Theodore Chicago. 

Alderson, Thomas Edward Dubuque, la. 

Anderson, Alexander George Decorah, la. 

Andrews, George Jaj^ Wever, la. 

Barker, Oakley Moses Braidwood. 

Bayne, James Wheeler Warren. 

Beebe, Frank Chester Villeska, la. 

Beck, Robert Wilfred _. Dewey. 

Becker, Ottmar Albert Oshkosh, Wis. 

Bell, Alfred Millen David City, Neb. 

Black, Arthur Davenport Chicago. 

Blane, Lee Edison Greenview. 

Blass, Deabolt Michael Portage, Wis. 

Bloom, Frank Center City, Minn. 

Bloomingdale, John Edwin Nebraska City, Neb. 

Bolster, Vinton Veazey New York City. 

Borovik, Borris Maurice Chicago. 

Bower, Willis Harrison Sheridan. 

Brandt, William Frederick Walnut, la. 

Bronson, Archibald Franklin Waterloo, la. 

Brooks, James Howard Yankee Springs, Mich. 

Brooks, May Lorena Memphis, Tenn. 

Brown, Boyd Crandall Freeport. 

Brown, George Edward Alexis. 

Butler, Walter Pilling Chicago. 

Cannon, Ralph M Streator. 

Carney, Edward B Wellman, la. 

Case, Rolland Theron Baraboo, Wis. 

Chesebro, Miles Bennett Shell Rock, la. 

Chilson, Henry Lee Appleton, Wis. 

Clark, Adelbert David Charles City, la. 

Clark, Thomas Billings, Mont. 

Collie, Winf red Ross Lake Geneva, Wis. 

Converse, Charles Henry Irving Park. 

Cooley, Frank Dennis Laporte, Ind. 

Cornish, Marshall Sanford Vernon Center, Minn. 

Costello, Daniel Smithfield, Minn. 

Courtney, Walter George Chester, la. 

Craver, Alva Sumner Harvey. 

Crooks, William Bennett Crawfordsville, la. 

Cushway, Bert Charles Mackinac Island, Mich. 

Cutter, Arthur Lucas Chicago. 

Darling, Andrew Delos So. Chicago. 

Davenport, Frank W Eureka. 

Davidson, William Edward Holdrege, Neb. 

Demling, Edward Arthur Chicago. 

Dessaint, Lewis R Davenport, la. 

Dix, Alfred John Mitchell, S. D. 

Drew, Rupert C Fairfax, Vt. 

Dryden, Frederick Addison Chicago. 

Dueser, Fritz Henry Davenport, la. 

Duffy, Bernard Alfred Joliet. 

Eisenstaedt, Moses Chicago. 

Fisk, Frederick Darling Chicago. 

Flanagan, Lawson Holland Chicago. 

Formanack, George James Carthage, S. D, 

Frank, Harris Joseph Chicago. 

Free, George Walter Albion, Mich. 

Frieseke, Albert Julius Owosso, Mich. 

Furman, Walter Orval Miller, S. D. 

Gainforth, Silas Philo Holdrege, Neb. 

55 



56 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Gietzen, Charles Henry Humphrey, Neb. 

Gillette, Clayton Onner Chicago. 

Goldthorp, Francis Joseph Chicago. 

Goodson, Lewis Jay Chicago. 

Green, William Emory Mendon, 111. 

Grunn, Albert Parker Pipestone, Minn. 

Hamilton Gail Washburn Council Bluffs, la. 

Hammond, Charles Richard Chicago. 

Harlan, Catherine Harriett Glenwood, la. 

Harlan, Thomas Stephen Glenwood, la. 

Hastings, Mary Georgia Warrensburg, Mo. 

Helmer, Madeline Matilda Omaha, Neb. 

Henning, Frank Paul Morgan, Minn. 

Herz, Hugo Akron, O. 

Hirtzel, John Shumway. 

Hirsekorn, Mary Anna Neubrandenburg, Germany. 

Hopf, George Arnold Blue Island. 

Hogan, William E Chicago. 

Hollingsworth, Robert Selwyn Belvidere. 

Hollingsworth, William Gravard Lexington, Miss. 

Humphrey, William Thomas Cordova. 

Hunt, Frederick Miles Atlantic, la. 

Idler, Percy Benjamin DeWitt Chicago. 

Jarvis, Frank Gordon Benton Harbor, Mich. 

Jennings, George Paul Omaha, Neb. 

Johnson, David Arthur Fort Atkinson, Wis. 

Johnson, Oscar Theodore Chicago. 

Johnson, Waldo Paschal Elgin. 

Jones, John Clarence Ottumwa, Kas. 

Kaake, William Albert Kinloss, Ont. 

Kratz, William Frederick Burlington, la. 

Keith, Robert Paul Chicago. 

Kirkwood, Murray William Wichita, Kas. 

Kotler, Frank George Vinnitza, Russia. 

Lamberson, Gertrude Eleanor Portland, Ore. 

Larson, Henry Charles Hastings, Minn. 

Lemmon, Franklin Ellsworth Chicago. 

Liggitt, Richard Clayton Chicago. 

Leutscher, John Ulrich Mondovi, Wis. 

Malony, John Henry Red Oak, la. 

Mashek, Jarosh V Prague, Austria-Hungary. 

McCallin, Sidney Gilmore Waukesha, Wis. 

McCluskey, Floyd Mathew Glenwood, la. 

McDermott, Peter George Darlington, Wis. 

Macdonald, Alexander Ray Chicago. 

McDonnell, Elizabeth Jennie Chicago. 

McGregor, Gregor Winnipeg, Man. 

Mcintosh, Robert Levi Syracuse, N. Y. 

Merritt, Earl Bristol, Ind. 

Mess, Frederick Julius Orillia, Wash. 

Meyer, Walter Fred Burlington, la. 

Mielke, Frank Edward Shawano, Wis. 

Miller, Oscar Hulburd Chicago. 

Methven, Houston French Chicago. 

Moffat, George Snow St. Joseph, Mich. 

Moore, Norman Henry Howard City, Mich. 

Morton, Alice LaCrosse, Wis. 

Morton, Orla D Hobart, Ind. 

Mutchmor, Arthur August Emerson, Manitoba. 

Mullen, Charles Prairieville, Mich. 

Munn, Royal Bernard Freeport. 

Murray, Charles Austin Chester, la. 

Neill, John Brawley Faulkville, Ala. 

Orr, Clark Chicago. 

Osher, Julius C Hecla, S. D. 

Oyster, Henry William Villisca, la. 

Park, William Smith Richmond, Ky. 

Parks, George Alexander Shelton, Neb. 

Patten, John Free Chicago. 

Payne, Ira A Houston, Minn. 

Peak, Charles Albert Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Pence, Henry Clay Pana. 

Persons, Albert Dodge Desplaines. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 57 

Peterson, Adolpli Worcester, Mass. 

Peterson, Elmer Christian Sheffield. 

Peterson. Edwin J Elbow Lake, Wis. 

Peterson. Octave William Omaha, Neb. 

Philpot. Cory Allen Tecumseh, Neb. 

Pierce, Chase Hale Des Moines, la. 

Pitts, John Frederick Chicago. 

Pollard. George Alfred Canton, Ont. 

Pooler, Lemuel Fiske Evanston. 

Potter, Albert Byron Beulah, Kas. 

Potter. Edgar Chauncey Sheldon. 

Powell, Edward Foster Sioux City, la. 

Prettyman. Homer Lewis Bryan, Ohio. 

Pritchett, Ross Allen Whitehall. 

Probst. John George Hartford. Wis. 

Ransdell, Bennett Frank Campines, Brazil, S. A. 

Read, Charles Herbert Ogden, la. 

Reedy, William Lincoln Towanda. 

Rehnstrom, Joseph Ernest Sioux City. la. 

Robeson, Mary Gluesing Molina. 

Robinson. Rome Holmes Chicago. 

Rohwedder, Herman Harry Davenport, la. 

Rood, Albert Brown Chicago. 

Ronna, Julius Walnut, la. 

Rusco, George Byron West Bend, Wis. 

Safford, Margaret Louisa Hamilton. 

Sandblom. John Nicholas Stockholm, Sweden. 

Saxe, Jollie Noble Delavan, Wis. 

Schiff , David C Chicago. 

Schoenbrod, Maurice Solomon Chicago. 

Schumacher, Katherina Chicago. 

Seller, Agnes Muscatine, la. 

Serwe, Rudolph Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Shewey, Charles Parsons Chicago. 

Slaven. James Reedsburg, Wis. 

Smalley , Claude Everett Sheldon. 

Smith, Otto Bert Joliet. 

Smith, Walter Clarence Casey. 

Snyder, McGuire Lafayette. 

Spessard, Edward William Ainsworth, la. 

Stebbins, George Lyman Aurora. 

Stephens. Arthur Goode Robinson. 

Stevens, Bert Louis Lexington. 

Taylor, Elmer Duncan Smithfield, Neb. 

Teeter, Mahlon Henry Monticello, la. 

Thill, Henry Raymond E. Dubuque. 

Thompson, Edna Maude Chicago. 

Thompson, John Cross Dwight. 

Tims, Frank B Tama, la. 

Tomlin, Frank Byron Pleasant Plains. 

True, Frank Dayton Northwood, Ta. 

Wagoner, William Edgar Marion, Ind. 

AValsh, Charles Heavy sege Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

Warner, Burnet Dewey Chicago. 

Watkins, Harry Wiltse Chicago. 

Weaver, Frank Bradford Churubusco, Ind. 

AVelsh, John Ellis Chicago. 

West, Jesse Alden Greenfield, la. 

Whitman, Edward Wallace Ashland. Cal. 

Wickey, J. Russel Chicago. 

Willson, Charles William Waterloo, la. 

Wilson, William Harlow Fort Atkinson, Wis. 

Wolf. William C Kansas City, Mo. 

Wolfrum, Richard West Bend, Wis. 

Worslev, Willard Joseph Tinley Park. 

Wygant, Harry Edward Jackson, Mich. 

MATRICULATED BUT NOT IN ATTENDANCE. 

Conover, James Furman. linger, Isador. 

O'Brien, James Henry. Whinnery, Jean Carrol. 

Pyle, D. F. Williams, Clarence Aaron. 



58 NORTfTWKSTF.RN UNIVRRSITY 



JUNIOR CLASS. 

Ackcrman, Charles Chica??o, 

Adkins, Robert Alfred Elj^in. 

Akers, John Rankin Des Moines, la. 

Allison, Richard John Spokane, W^ash. 

Anderson, Morley Walton Wetmore, Mich. 

Atterberry, James Graham Tecumseh, Neb. 

Austin, Emery R Jones, Mich. 

A ustin, John Franklin Dowag^iac, Mich. 

Baasen, John B New Ulm, Wis. 

Baldwin, Arthur Joliet. 

Baldwin, James Otho Springfield. 

Bartlett, Thomas Dell Forsyth. 

Beadles, Robert Oscar Quincy. 

Behm, Louis John Chicago. 

Benson, Joseph Lambert Magnolia, la. 

Bevan, James Ambrose Kankakee. 

Bishopp, John Alfred Sheldon. 

Blair, William Frederick Pine River, Ontario. 

Bohman, Otto Ferdinand Chicago. 

Boughton, Robert Lathrop Chicago. 

Bowen, David Harley Lewistown. 

Boysen, Harry Alvin Dubuque, la. 

Bradshaw, Duane Franklin Jefferson, la. 

Brock, Harry Martin Chicago. 

Brown, Ferdinand V. Garretson Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Burhans, Percy Alexander Chicago. 

Burkhart, Charles Hickey Liscomb, la. 

Butler, Josephine K Chicago 

Butturff , Rolla Walter Evanston. 

Carr, Samuel Lester Epworth, la. 

Chapman, Wesley Harrison Waukesha, Wis. 

Cogley , Peter B Emmet, Mich. 

Coleman, Thomas Port Huron, Mich. 

Collins, George Merrill Braidentown, Fla. 

Condaxopoulos, Elias Achilles Smyrna, Turkey, Asia. 

Conley , Winifred Cazenovia. Wis. 

Couvrette, George Joseph Crookston, Minn. 

Copple, Enos Eli Fullerton, Neb. 

Corbitt, George Burris Verschoyle, Ont. 

Cromb, John Rutherford Crookston, Minn. 

Cummins, Frank Lawrence Plattsmouth, Neb. 

Daly, Thomas Hogan Nora. 

Davis, Robert Kepler Mount Vernon, la. 

Day, Ernest Walter Austin, Minn. 

Deitch, Frank St. Joseph, Mich. 

Dobson, George Henry Le Grand, la. 

Doherty, Katharyne Alice Berlin, Wis. 

Donahue, Michael Albert Chicago. 

Dullam, Manley Stewart Flint, Mich. 

Emery, Newton Wesley Summit. S. D. 

Ercanbrack, William Claude Elburn 

Falloon, William Henry Evanston. 

Fawcett, Arthur Clayton Marion, Minn. 

Fisher, Mary Agnes Le Mars, la. 

Fleming, George K Ravenswood. 

Fosner, Ernest Abraham Chicago. 

Frank, William Joseph Ripon, Wis. 

Gansel, Alvin Robert West Bend, Wis. 

Garrett, Frank Miles Chicago. 

Gilchrist, Harry Alexander New Brunswick, Can. 

Gilmore, John Michael Lucknow, Ont., Can. 

Gordon, Howard Edward Hobart, Ind. 

Glass, Alfred W Monmouth. 

Gray, William Wallace Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Griffith, R. Allen Chicago. 

Hacker, Albert Charles Hartford, Wis. 

Hadfield, Harry Cook Chicago. 

Hanna, Edward Alphonso Chicago. 

Hansen, Ca. Theodore Mankato. Minn. 

Hawkes, Arthur John Kewanee. 

Hays, Thomas Albert Wilmar. Minn. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 59 

Heisey, David Judson Monticello, la. 

Henline, Buell Towanda. 

Hickman, Herbert Eugene La Porte, Ind. 

High, Delbert B Montezuma, la. 

Hines. Frank Benjamin Pontiac. 

Hoffer, James Jacob Tacoma, Wash. 

Holaday, Stanley Lake View, la. 

Holmes, P^red William Chicago. 

Holmin, Oscar Renus Chicago. 

Hopwood, Olive Camille Kearney, Neb. 

Hotch, Louis Grant Carthage. 

Howat, Aleck Densmore Gardner. 

Hughes. David John Harvey. 

Hull, Elmore Thellus Fort Atkinson, Wis. 

Ireland, Ora Dell Monmouth,, Ore. 

Isenberg, Hays M Green xviountain, la. 

Jarrett, Orro Johnson Genoa Junction, Wis. 

Johnson, James Philip Chicago. 

Jones, Carl Lewis Richland Center, Wis. 

Jordan, William Henry Chicago. 

Kempter, Anton Raymond Alma, Wis, 

Kennedy, Arthur Inglesby Ingersoll, Ont. 

Kennedy, James Madigan Caledonia, Ont. 

King, William Jasen San Francisco, Cal. 

Kingsbury, Archibald Morgan Winona, Minn. 

Kluckhohn, Burdette Henry Le Mars, la. 

Knapp, George Guy Rocky Ford, Col. 

Koch, George Robert Ferdinand New Ulm, Minn. 

Kramer, Charles Siamon St. Paul, Neb. 

Kremers, Walter Gerhart West Bend, Wis. 

Kruchevsky, Abe Samuel Chicago. 

Krueger, George Eugene Chicag o. 

Lacy, Charles Benjamin Sioux City, la. 

Laidlaw, John S Blyth, Ont. 

Landon, Vernon Orlando La Porte, Ind. 

Latcham, Harry Earl Jefferson, la. 

Light, Frank D Chicago. 

Linderoth, Nils Herman Chicago. 

Looze, John Battiste Chicago. 

Lovitt, Charles Oscar La Harpe. 

Lunak, Joseph Francis Chicago. 

Mahle, Arthur Augustus Kewanee, Wis. 

Macdonald, John Rae Chicago. 

Mack, George Menominee, Mich. 

Mathisen, Philip Leopold Evansville, Minn. 

Mathieu , Wesley John St. Anne. 

Mathews, Duaine Lynn Woodbine, la. 

McAllister, Renaldo Eugene Chicago. 

McCarthy, William H Chicago. 

McCormack, Arthur J Clemons, la. 

McCrum, Thomas Benton Huntington, Ind. 

McCulloch, Thomas Herbert Wallace, Idaho. 

McGillicuddy, Katherine E Valparaiso, Ind. 

McGowan, John Stewart Blyth, Ont. 

McMaster, AVilliam David Maynard, la. 

McMennamy, Francis Earl Chicago. 

McQuarrie, Kenneth Orangeville, Ont. 

McVay, Augustus B Wyoming-. 

Meeks, Daniel Homer Chicago. 

Meves, Otto Charles W^heatland, la. 

Meyerhoff, Charles Leslie Villisca, la. 

Miller, Charles S Chicago. 

Miller, Frederick Spring Grove, Minn. 

Miller, Gus. Platteville, AVis. 

Milligan, Edward Luke Winnipeg, Man. 

Moore, Arthur Timothy Chicago. 

Moore, Edward Clements Elgin. 

Mueller, Frida Chicago. 

Nations, Hugh S Camp Point. 

Nelson, John Peter Chicago. 

Nelson, Lewis J Sechlerville, Wis. 

Nelson, Melvin Ray Morrison. 

Newton, Herman C'hristian River Falls, Wis. 

Nisbet, Marshall D Harlington, Neb. 

Northwood, Reginald Charles Chatham, Ont. 



6o NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

Nunn, Webster Hamblin St. Paul, Neb. 

l^a^e, Myrtle Jane North Freedom' Wis. 

Pellett, Frederick Nelson Freeport. 

Pershing-, Royal Strong Henry. 

Petry, John Beaver Dam, Tnd. 

Phillips, Herbert Chicago. 

Pottle, Curtis Brackett Plainviile. 

Puckett, Harry Clayton Nora. 

Purcell, William Michael Streator. 

Render, Alonzo Clarence Edmond, Okla. 

Read, Ervin Clifton Og-den, la. 

Reece, John S Normal. 

Reid, William Hutchinson Chicago. 

Richards, George Theobald Madison, Wis. 

Rossteuscher, Charles Ferdinand Yankton, S. D. 

Shless, Abe L<ewis Chicago. 

Schneider, Adolph Emil Nebraska City, Neb. 

Schneider, Leonard Julius Nebraska City, Neb. 

Schulze, Herman Julius Two Harbors, Minn. 

Sears, Henry Elmer Chicago. 

Sexmith, Lyman Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Shanks, Robert Edward Spokane, Wash. 

Shay, William Chicago. 

Siebecker, William David Merrimac, AVis. 

Sinks, Omer Francis Rochester. Ind. 

Smock, Grant Hibbard Meadville, Pa. 

Smith, Charles William Waukegan. 

Smith, Ernest Ray New Richmond, Wis. 

Stevenson, Robert Alexander St. Paul, Minn. 

Stoffel, Earl Noble Mechanicsville, la. 

Stroeter, George William Kearney, Mo. 

Spaulding, John Grant Towanda, Pa. 

Stokes, Hiram Chandler Kewanee. 

Stapleton, Clyde Lester Bloomingtosi. 

Strauss, Milton William Huntington, Ind. 

Sweeney, James Thomas Sheldon, la. 

Swensen, Rudolph Julius Chicago. 

Thomas, William Albert Chicago. 

Thompson, Joseph Ferdinand La Crosse, Wis. 

Treen, Thomas Ottaway Seattle, Wash. 

Trinkaus, Jacob Louis Pekin. 

Tristram, George Thomas Astoria, Ore. 

Trumbull, Rollin Smith Chicago. 

Vogan, J. Wilbur Crowley, La. 

Wait, Mark Leroy Reynolds. 

Walsh, William Henry Chicago. 

Wentworth, George Wilton Marinette, AVis. 

Werner, Edward August Hillsdale, Mich. 

Whitson, Oscar Leroy Clinton, la. 

Wickham, John E Benton, Ridge. O. 

Wilber, Charles Oren Oconomowoc, Wis. 

Williams, Evert Velie Dodgeville, Wis. 

Wilson, Earl Emmons Minnesika. Minn. 

Wisman, Oscar James Delta, O. 

Wolfe, Morris Russell Parsons, Kas. 

Wyatt, Eugene Ripley Newbern, Tenn. 

Young Merle Demster Bloomington. 

MATRICULATED BUT NOT IN ATTENDANCE. 

Engel, George Lewis. Ruckman, Robert Jasper. 

Rea, Martha Olive. Wenrich, Ray. 

FRESHMAN CLASS. 

Allan, Maxwell Sedgwick Sydney, Australia. 

Ausman, William Dresden West Superior, Wis. 

Austin, Raymond M Spokane, Wash. 

P>aker, Josiah William Mendota. 

Bales, Emmor S Dexter, la. 

Bannister, Guy Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Barber, Henry Edward San Marcos, Tex. 

Bascombe, Clifford Henry Okoboji, la. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 61 

Baumgarth, Henry Sauk City, Wis. 

Behm. John William Grand Haven, Mich. 

Bell. John Rex David City, Neb. 

Bergman, Arthur Gustave Chicago. 

Berkey, Hugh Thomas Goshen, Ind. 

Bilek, James V Chicago. 

Bixby, Raymond Lee Liscomb, la. 

Bjerke, Hans Kristian Christiania, Norway. 

Blount, Anna L Macomb. 

Blumenthal, Edwin Martin Columbus, Wis. 

Bond, John Lafferty Fowler, Ind. 

Brochers. Fred Waterloo, la. 

Bouche, Louis F Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

Brandt, Carl Rudolph Walnut la. 

Brant, Claude Bloomington, Ind. 

Burrill, Chester Leslie Springfield, Minn. 

Bushnell, Charles W Rewey, Wis. 

Caldwell, Wm. Elliott Hughes Wheeling, W. Va. 

Callow, Joseph Edward Mineral Point, Wis. 

Campbell, Peter Alexander Clinton, Ont., Can. 

Childs, Ralph Sherman Wilmette. 

CoiDorn, Lewis Paul Grafton, S. D. 

Constable, Roy Verner Chicago. 

Cooney, Thomas Chicago. 

Copple, Plenna Reuben Fullerton, Neb. 

Corbin, Byron J Chicago. 

Cory, William M Dowagiac, Mich. 

Daniels, Charles Lyle New Castle, Pa. 

Davis. Charles Everett Platteville, Wis. 

Dorothy, Michael Joseph Kingston, Ont., Can. 

Dryden, James Mair Paisley, Ont., Can. 

Earle, Plyn Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Eaton, Charles David Normal. 

Eckford, John Dunkeld, Ont., Can. 

Edgcomb, Charles Hackley Chicago. 

Ellis, William Harry Kusson, Minn. 

Fisher, Frank Edward Camden, O. 

Flemming, James Clinton Pepin, Wis. 

Foster, Charles Gelutiah Wellman, la. 

Fredericksen, Charles Henry Racine, Wis. 

Freese, Ernest C Stanford, Ind. 

Fuller, Clark Anthony Eau Falls, Wis. 

Galligan, Thomas F Belmond, la. 

Geiger, Emil Forrest 

Gilchrist, Mont Rankin New Brunswick, Can. 

Gill, John Hunter Chicago. 

Goodman, George Watertown, S. D. 

Gregg, Edw^ard Stanton Chicago. 

Griffith, Edmund Llewellynn Freeport. 

Grotewohl, Jessie L Elkader, la. 

Guerne. Alfred Augustus Santa Rosa, Cal. 

Hadley, Chauncey Greenfield, la. 

Hammond, Roscoe Brant Ft. Sill, Okla. 

Hancock. H. Harry Bloomington, Wis. 

Hardie, John James Chicago. 

Hards, Ivan Bowman Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Hayes, Paul Plattsmouth, Neb. 

Headley, Sidney Grand Rapids. Mich. 

Hemphill, Wilbur J Swaledale, la. 

Hess, John Edward Burt Hartford, Wis. 

Hicks, William Herbert Union. la. 

Himes, Jennie Eva Sturgis, S. D. 

Hodge, Hugh Wallace Brunswick, Mo. 

Hollem, Elmer Hugo Rockf ord. 

Hullhorst, Lewis Yutan, Neb. 

Hutchison, Floyd Milton Nora Springs. la. 

Johnson. Charles Emil Duluth. Minn. 

Keller, David H Chicago. 

Kenyon, Ronald Bush Chicago. 

Kernan, Joseph Francis Wichita, Kas. 

Kern, Max Stieke Stevens Point, Wis. 

Kitchen, Curtis John Burwell Toronto, Can. 

Kleinecke, Louis Christian Cuero, Tex. 

Koch, Ferdinand Fritz Dunkirk, N. Y. 

Kruchevsky, Samuel , , , • , • , Chicago. 



62 



NORTTTWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Ijaskor, Herman Chicago. 

Lewis, Frank B North Williams, Mich. 

Lynn, Austin Ames Marshalltown, la. 

Lynn, Emery Collins Marshalltown, la. 

Masinnis, Eugene lielle Plaine. Ta. 

Mason, George Neil Sheldon. 

Mauer, Nellie Red Cloud, Neb. 

McCallum, Frederick William Valparaiso, Ind. 

McLaughlin, Frank James Monticello, Ta. 

McMaster, Glenn A Essex, la. 

MacMillan, William Duncan Beltrami, Minn. 

Macpherson, Egbert Earl Chicago. 

McStay, Earl Edward Waterloo. la. 

Michalski, Frank Alfonso Stevens Point, Wis. 

Miller, Lewis Marcus Lincoln, Neb. 

Mills, George Sturgeon Chicago. 

Minnis, Harry Lee Edinburgh. 

Munson, Robert H Boone, la. 

Nations, Guy Joseph Camp Point. 

Nelson, William Essex, la. 

O'Brien, John Dennis St. Paul, Minn. 

Opland, Joseph S Greenfield, S. D. 

Packard, H. Roy Bloomington. 

Parkinson, David Talbott Wichita, Kas. 

Parks, Pearl Lincoln. 

Parks, Robert Smith Newbern, Tenn. 

Peterson, Walter Emil Alden, Minn. 

Piner, Henry Edward Stuart, Ta. 

Polin, Oscar Martin Alma, Wis. 

Pool, Hardy Fayette ■ Mason City, Ta. 

Poundstone, George Corwin Sheridan. 

Price, Frederick Orion Colfax, Ta. 

Proctor, William Orson Doniphan, Mo. 

Rasmussen, Andrew William Chicago. 

Reese, Elmo David Dodgeville, Wis. 

Reible, George A Mayville, Wis. 

Richards, William Freeman Sacramento, Cal. 

Ritson, Joseph Henry North Williams, Mich. 

Sanf ord, Charles Wesley Ellsworth, Wis. 

Shill, John, Jr Winnemac, Tnd. 

Sinn, Jens J Walnut, la. 

Smalley, Irwin D Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Smith, Daniel Hallie Newton. 

Smith, George Hill Galesburg. 

Smith, William Mordy Chicago. 

Spencer, Edward Albert Brandon, xvianitoba. 

Spier, Ernest Arthur Sydney, Australia. 

Spindlo, Thomas Henwood Berkshire, England. 

Stanley, William R Elbow Lake, Minn. 

Stevens, Wirt Allan Chicago. 

Stokes, John Francis Morrison. 

S wigert, George Orton Galesburg. 

Thomas, David Ellis Delafield, Wis. 

Thomas, Edward Smith Polo. 

Thomas, Lewis Edwin Joliet. 

Thompson, Edwin Cook Chicago. 

Tower, Ray Leighton Aberdeen, S. D. 

Tyler, Alva D Traverse City, Mich. 

Uglow, Stanley J Newcastle, Ont., Can. 

Ulvestad, Oliver M Chokio, Minn. 

Umholtz, Bruce Mackaman Edmund, Okla. 

Virgin, Joseph Jenkins Fairbury. 

Waddell, William M Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Watson, Theodore L New Haven, Conn. 

Weagant, C. Herbert Chicago. 

Weyhe, Henry T New Ulm, Minn. 

Wier, William Arnold Barrie, Ont. 

Williams, Fred Hays Bloomington, Ind. 

Wilson, Edgar O Kasson, Minn. 

Wolfe. Edward Ferdinand Sheboygan Falls, Wis. 

Zederbaum, George Chicago. 

Zeigler, H. Allen Moline. 

Zimmerman, Henry Thomas Elizabeth, Minn. 



DENTAL SCHOOL. 63 

MATRICULATED BUT NOT IN ATTENDANCE. 

Baker, Charles Reeder. Gilbert, Phil Edward. 

Bouden, Arthur. Hansen, C. F. 

Dietrich, Joseph N. Hatch, William. 

Doherty. Frederick Stewart. Lambert, Philip Theophiii. 

Downing-, F. M. McClellan, Alexander. 

Dudley, Howard Scott. Owen, Claud D. 

Flemminj^-, John Y. Petrie, Henderson Cornell. 

Fortney, George AV. Post, Wm. Morton. 
Ilimmer, Walter Harcourt. 

SPECIAL COURSE. 

Fawcett, Arthur Clayton Marion, Minn. 

Mueller, Frida Hanover, Germany. 

Schumacher, Katherina Breslau, Germany 

Smith, Daniel Hallie Newton. 

Work, John Langton Sydney, Australia. 



YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 

The Young Men's Christian Association of Northwestern 
University Dental School is an organization among the stu- 
dents of the school, the purpose of which is to do Christian 
work for students. You are invited to become acquainted 
with its vrork. In addition to meetings, Bible classes, and 
other religious work, it has made special arrangements to 
carry out the following : 

1. Information Bureau. — During the opening days of the 
school a number of upper class men will be at the college of- 
fice to meet all new students and help them in any way to get 
started on their year's work. 

2. Boarding House Lists. — Previous to the opening of the 
school a committee will have personally inspected a large 
number of suitable rooms and boarding places which they can 
recommend to students. This will greatly assist in getting 
comfortably located. 

3. Handbooks. — The Association has issued a leather- 
bound vest pocket handbook, containing useful information 
regarding the college, the Y. M. C. A., and the city. These 
will be given to every student on application. A special edi- 
tion for mailing has been gotten out and will be sent to any- 
one addressing the president of the Association. 

4. New Students notifying us of the time and place of their 
arrival will be met at the station by one of our number wear- 
ing the Y. M. C. A. badge. 

5. Correspondence. — Any further information regarding 
the college, city or Association can be secured by writing the 
president of the Association, K. E. Copple, Fullerton, Neb. 



64 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF NORTHWEST- 
ERN UNIVERSITY DENTAL SCHOOL. 

OFFICERS FOR 1900-1901. 

President, A. V. Hargett, D.D.S., Venetian Building, Chicago. 
First Vice-President, C. E. Coy, D.D.S., Pullman, 111. 
Second Vice-President, Florence Atkinson, D.D.S., Stewart Build- 
ing, Chicago. 
Treasurer, W. E. Harper, D.D.S., 3441 Wabash Avenue, Chicago. 
Secretary, G. B. Macfarlane, D.D.S., 70 State Street, Chicago. 

EXECUTIVE BOARD. 

*TnEO. Menges, D.D.S., 146 Franklin Street, Chicago. 

J. W. Erringer, D.D.S., 47th Street and Calumet Avenue, Chicago. 

H. E. Macdonald, D.D.S., 47th and State Streets, Chicago. 

The object of this Asociation shall be to revive pleasant mem- 
ories and develop new pledges of brotherhood and friendship by 
meeting at intervals for social intercourse and mutual counsel. 

There will be a clinic held once a year, where the latest and best 
methods in dentistry will be presented to the members by competent 
clinicians. 

The next clinic will be held in February, at Northwestern Univer- 
sity Dental School, corner of Franklin and Madison streets, Chicago, 
followed by a collation in the evening. 

The annual meeting will be held at that time, and all members 
are requested to be present. 

Any graduate of Northwestern University Dental School may 
become a member upon payment of the membership fee of 50 cents 
and the annual dues of one dollar ($1.00). 

Any graduate of the University Dental School, or the American 
College of Dental Surgery, may become a member upon presentation 
of a certificate signed by the Dean and Secretary of Northwestern 
University Dental School, acompanied by the membership fee. 

All graduates of the School are urged to join this Association 
and share in the mutual benefits derived from the maintenance of 
fraternal intercourse, and that they may keep in touch with each 
other and with their Alma Mater. 

For any information address the secretary, 

Geo. B. Macfarlane, 
Room 406, 70 State Street, Chicago, 111. 

*Deceased. 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 
MEDICAL SCHOOL. 

(Chicago Medical College.) 
2431-2437 Dearborn Street, Chicago, 111. 



This school was the pioneer in the enforcement of the 
standard of preliminary education, the adoption of longer 
annual courses, the grading of the curriculum. 

The buildings are new, the equipment complete, the clini- 
cal material ample. The instruction is individual in labora- 
tories and clinics. 

For further information address the Secretary, 
Dr. N. S. Davis, Jr., 

2431 Dearborn St., Chicago, IlL 



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